Boereverraaier

 Boereverraaier eBook ï

Boereverraaier [EPUB] ✷ Boereverraaier Author Albert Blake – Polishdarling.co.uk Die Anglo Boereoorlog het nie net helde opgelewer nie In di stryd het broer teen broer ook teen mekaar te staan gekom Duisende republikeinse burgers het as joiners by die Britse magte aangesluit, terw Die Anglo Boereoorlog het nie net helde opgelewer nie In di stryd het broer teen broer ook teen mekaar te staan gekom Duisende republikeinse burgers het as joiners by die Britse magte aangesluit, terwyl ander weer inligting oor die Boeremagte aan die vyand verskaf het Die straf vir hul verraad Die dood In Boereverraaier word di teregstellings dramaties herskep met aanhalings uit dagboeke en veldverslae Daar is tragiese verhale soos di van vier broers van Wakkerstroom wat almal op een dag gefusilleer is en kommandolede wat van hul voormalige makkers moes teregstel.


10 thoughts on “Boereverraaier

  1. Stephen Hayes Stephen Hayes says:

    The Anglo Boer War of 1899 1902 was a complex affair of conflicting loyalties Back in the 1890s what is now the Republic of South Africa was four different countries In the south was the Cape Colony, originally Dutch, but in 1899 a self governing British Colony In the south east was the Colony of Natal, which had recently become a self governing colony In the centre the Oranje Vrijstaat Orange Free State, OFS , an independent republic, led by President M.T Steyn, and in the north the Zuid The Anglo Boer War of 1899 1902 was a complex affair of conflicting loyalties Back in the 1890s what is now the Republic of South Africa was four different countries In the south was the Cape Colony, originally Dutch, but in 1899 a self governing British Colony In the south east was the Colony of Natal, which had recently become a self governing colony In the centre the Oranje Vrijstaat Orange Free State, OFS , an independent republic, led by President M.T Steyn, and in the north the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek South African Republic, ZAR, also called the Transvaal led by President Paul Kruger Gold had been discovered in the Transvaal and the British High Commissioner and Governor of the Cape Colony, Alfred Lord Milner, a fanatical imperialist, wanted to control it, and tried to browbeat Kruger Eventually Kruger realised that war was inevitable, and tried to gain the advantage by declaring war first, and President Steyn followed suit as an ally The combined forces of the two republics the Republicans, or just the Boers , invaded Natal and the Cape Colony, and after initial successes got bogged down in besieging towns like Ladysmith and Mafeking now spelt Mahikeng The British brought introops, drove most of the Boers out of the two colonies and staged a counter invasion of the two republics, and after 18 months had seized and occupied most of the bigger towns and main transport routes It was at this point that many Boer soldiers, thinking that there was little point in continuing the fight, surrendered to the British, and some Boer renegades joined the British forces and fought against their erstwhile comrades So the republicans were divided into three groups the joiners who joined the British forces, the hendsoppers those who put their hands up in surrender , and the bittereinders , who fought to the bitter end, which was 31 May 1902 when the Peace of Vereeniging was signed, after which the ZAR became the Transvaal Colony and the OFS became the Orange River Colony When the Boer forces captured British soldiers, those who were British or from the Natal or Cape colonies were treated as prisoners of war, and most of them were eventually disarmed and freed In the guerrilla stage of the war the Boer forces had no facilities for guarding prisoners But the Boer renegades, the joiners , were tried for treason in courts martial, and if found guilty, they were executed by firing squad and that is basically what this book is about The title Boerverraaiers means Boer traitors Who were the traitors, how were they tried, how were they executed, and what happened to their families The book is thoroughly researched, and Albert Blake has gone through archival records, published and unpublished war diaries, and collected reminiscences of family members of the traitors and those who tried them to try to make the account as accurate as possible I noted at the beginning that the war was complex, with conflicting loyalties The migrating Dutch farmers who founded the Boer republics originally came from the Cape Colony, so many of them had friends and relatives there, and many were born there Some, including relatively recent immigrants from Britain, settled in the ZAR where they worked in the mines or associated industries When war came, some had become citizens of the ZAR, other had not But when the British army occupied the land, many of those who had become citizens reverted to their old loyalty People would find that they were in a firing squad ordered to shoot their childhood playmates or members of their own families Nowadays people can often get counselling for such conditions as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, but there was nothing like that back then The book is full of tragic stories, like the widow of a renegade who was shot by a firing squad, who then married a staunch republican, who never let her daughters by her first husband forget that they were children of a traitor The son of another, who was executed as a spy, was made to stand up in class at school, so that the other children could see what the son of a traitor looked like Many of the joiners were of the bywoner sojourner or squatter class, who had no land, no income, and joined the British forces for money, to be able to feed their families The British also took the women and children off the farms, burnt their houses and kept them in concentration camps where thousands died of malnutrition and disease.After the war, therefore, many families and communities remained divided, though many tried to consign the renegades and their fate to oblivion It became something that one did not talk about, but one effect was to make Afrikaner nationalism very suspicious of any signs of deviance Terms like joiner and hendsopper were used as political insultsthan a century after the end of the war.In 2004 Tony Leon, then the English speaking DA leader, repeatedly taunted Marthinus van Schalkwyk, then leader of the National Party, as a joiner when he joined the ANC Van Zyl Slabbert, the leader of the official opposition in the 1980s was accused of being a hensopper , and a few years later Pik Botha, a former member of the NP cabinet, was dubbed a joiner when he was accused of getting too close to the ANC my translation A lot of black people were also executed as traitors, but their names were not recorded Though they were not burghers citizens of the republics, and had no right to vote, they were regarded as subjects, with a duty of loyalty, so they too were tried by courts martial for treason, and many were executed if found guilty, and on at least one occasion a childhood playmate was in the firing squad So this book exposes the pain of divided loyalties, and opens a subject that people would not talk about for many years, though it had a profound effect on South African society


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


10 thoughts on “Boereverraaier

  1. Stephen Hayes Stephen Hayes says:

    The Anglo Boer War of 1899 1902 was a complex affair of conflicting loyalties Back in the 1890s what is now the Republic of South Africa was four different countries In the south was the Cape Colony, originally Dutch, but in 1899 a self governing British Colony In the south east was the Colony of Natal, which had recently become a self governing colony In the centre the Oranje Vrijstaat Orange Free State, OFS , an independent republic, led by President M.T Steyn, and in the north the Zuid The Anglo Boer War of 1899 1902 was a complex affair of conflicting loyalties Back in the 1890s what is now the Republic of South Africa was four different countries In the south was the Cape Colony, originally Dutch, but in 1899 a self governing British Colony In the south east was the Colony of Natal, which had recently become a self governing colony In the centre the Oranje Vrijstaat Orange Free State, OFS , an independent republic, led by President M.T Steyn, and in the north the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek South African Republic, ZAR, also called the Transvaal led by President Paul Kruger Gold had been discovered in the Transvaal and the British High Commissioner and Governor of the Cape Colony, Alfred Lord Milner, a fanatical imperialist, wanted to control it, and tried to browbeat Kruger Eventually Kruger realised that war was inevitable, and tried to gain the advantage by declaring war first, and President Steyn followed suit as an ally The combined forces of the two republics the Republicans, or just the Boers , invaded Natal and the Cape Colony, and after initial successes got bogged down in besieging towns like Ladysmith and Mafeking now spelt Mahikeng The British brought introops, drove most of the Boers out of the two colonies and staged a counter invasion of the two republics, and after 18 months had seized and occupied most of the bigger towns and main transport routes It was at this point that many Boer soldiers, thinking that there was little point in continuing the fight, surrendered to the British, and some Boer renegades joined the British forces and fought against their erstwhile comrades So the republicans were divided into three groups the joiners who joined the British forces, the hendsoppers those who put their hands up in surrender , and the bittereinders , who fought to the bitter end, which was 31 May 1902 when the Peace of Vereeniging was signed, after which the ZAR became the Transvaal Colony and the OFS became the Orange River Colony When the Boer forces captured British soldiers, those who were British or from the Natal or Cape colonies were treated as prisoners of war, and most of them were eventually disarmed and freed In the guerrilla stage of the war the Boer forces had no facilities for guarding prisoners But the Boer renegades, the joiners , were tried for treason in courts martial, and if found guilty, they were executed by firing squad and that is basically what this book is about The title Boerverraaiers means Boer traitors Who were the traitors, how were they tried, how were they executed, and what happened to their families The book is thoroughly researched, and Albert Blake has gone through archival records, published and unpublished war diaries, and collected reminiscences of family members of the traitors and those who tried them to try to make the account as accurate as possible I noted at the beginning that the war was complex, with conflicting loyalties The migrating Dutch farmers who founded the Boer republics originally came from the Cape Colony, so many of them had friends and relatives there, and many were born there Some, including relatively recent immigrants from Britain, settled in the ZAR where they worked in the mines or associated industries When war came, some had become citizens of the ZAR, other had not But when the British army occupied the land, many of those who had become citizens reverted to their old loyalty People would find that they were in a firing squad ordered to shoot their childhood playmates or members of their own families Nowadays people can often get counselling for such conditions as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, but there was nothing like that back then The book is full of tragic stories, like the widow of a renegade who was shot by a firing squad, who then married a staunch republican, who never let her daughters by her first husband forget that they were children of a traitor The son of another, who was executed as a spy, was made to stand up in class at school, so that the other children could see what the son of a traitor looked like Many of the joiners were of the bywoner sojourner or squatter class, who had no land, no income, and joined the British forces for money, to be able to feed their families The British also took the women and children off the farms, burnt their houses and kept them in concentration camps where thousands died of malnutrition and disease.After the war, therefore, many families and communities remained divided, though many tried to consign the renegades and their fate to oblivion It became something that one did not talk about, but one effect was to make Afrikaner nationalism very suspicious of any signs of deviance Terms like joiner and hendsopper were used as political insultsthan a century after the end of the war.In 2004 Tony Leon, then the English speaking DA leader, repeatedly taunted Marthinus van Schalkwyk, then leader of the National Party, as a joiner when he joined the ANC Van Zyl Slabbert, the leader of the official opposition in the 1980s was accused of being a hensopper , and a few years later Pik Botha, a former member of the NP cabinet, was dubbed a joiner when he was accused of getting too close to the ANC my translation A lot of black people were also executed as traitors, but their names were not recorded Though they were not burghers citizens of the republics, and had no right to vote, they were regarded as subjects, with a duty of loyalty, so they too were tried by courts martial for treason, and many were executed if found guilty, and on at least one occasion a childhood playmate was in the firing squad So this book exposes the pain of divided loyalties, and opens a subject that people would not talk about for many years, though it had a profound effect on South African society


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *