Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico

Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico PDF


    Download Book Best Sellers in PDF format natura, un viaggio che lo condurr fino a Cuba miglia in cammino eBook ☆ e terminer poi in CaliforniaLeggendo il suo diario di viaggio troviamo annotazioni che rivelano la sua inclinazione ad una vita solitaria e all aria aperta, immerso nella natura selvaggia e immacolata, a cui l uomo non ha ancora imposto la sua presenzaQuesta verso il Golfo del Messico non certamente la prima spedizione esplorativa che John Muir intraprende la prima in assoluto fu quella narrata in My First Summer in the Sierra, La mia prima estate sulla Sierra ma di sicuro resta la pi impegnativa e la pi avventurosa Muir non si limita infatti a parlarci di flora e fauna, di affascinanti foreste, di pianure e paludi rigogliose, egli descrive con grande intelligenza e sensibilit anche il contesto socio economico in cui viaggiaL a di Muir per la natura per prevale su qualsiasi altro aspetto al punto da farsi quasi religione il suo linguaggio diventa biblico quando esprime i suoi sentimenti e nessun profeta avrebbe potuto prendere pi seriamente la chiamata o intraprendere una tale missione con tanto fervente sentimento."/>
  • Paperback
  • 240 pages
  • Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico
  • John Muir
  • Italian
  • 19 March 2017
  • 8899240035

10 thoughts on “Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico

  1. Alan Alan says:

    Good, interesting account of not finishing his botany, chemistry and geology studies at U Wisconsin, which his cheap Scottish father would not pay for Leaving out his Canadian escape of the draft in 1863, Muir walked south, in 1866 or 67 He slept outside, under trees, often in cemeteries which combined great trees and comfortable grounds In western Virginia I think or North Carolina he ran into some Rebel troops who had not disbanded, but they took him for an herbalist he did carry lots of l Good, interesting account of not finishing his botany, chemistry and geology studies at U Wisconsin, which his cheap Scottish father would not pay for Leaving out his Canadian escape of the draft in 1863, Muir walked south, in 1866 or 67 He slept outside, under trees, often in cemeteries which combined great trees and comfortable grounds In western Virginia I think or North Carolina he ran into some Rebel troops who had not disbanded, but they took him for an herbalist he did carry lots of leaves and flowers, some medicinal and let him by Near Savannah he camped a week in Bonaventura cemetery, amazed at the live oaks and the moss I was fresh from the Western prairies, the garden like openings of Wisconsin, the beech and maple and oak woods of Indiana and Kentucky, the dark mysterious Savannah cypress forests but never since I was allowed to walk the woods have I found so impressive a company of trees as the tillandsia draped oaks of Bonaventura I could say the same of a variety of huge trees at Mt Auburn Cemetery Muir liked reading Emerson, whom I always aloudread in my Birdtalk talks particularly his poem, Titmouse, about a Chickadee s bravery in a winter storm, saying like Caesar, Ve ni vi di vi c h i Years later in the Sierra Nevada, Emerson visited him with a host of protectors Muir wanted Emerson to join him sleeping outside all night what Muir did his whole life but Emerson s handlers figured the old man wasn t up to it A disappointment for Muir, and possibly for Emerson I give this fours stars only because I think Muir s writing improved in his accounts of the Western mountains, his coming across bear with his dog and shotgun, avoiding shooting He d know when there was a bear ahead since his dog would linger near, not proceed ahead of him Great account of canyons and knowing someone is ten miles away Maybe Emerson


  2. Scott Scott says:

    John Muir would have made the worst Boy Scout imaginable Early in September 1867, joyful and free but woefully unprepared, he set out from Indianapolis, Indiana on a 1,000 mile walk that would take him down the rocky spine of the eastern seaboard across Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, to the Gulf coast of Florida In his rucksack he carried little than a map, compass, comb, brush, towel, soap, and one change of underclothes For entertainment and enlightenment he took John Muir would have made the worst Boy Scout imaginable Early in September 1867, joyful and free but woefully unprepared, he set out from Indianapolis, Indiana on a 1,000 mile walk that would take him down the rocky spine of the eastern seaboard across Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, to the Gulf coast of Florida In his rucksack he carried little than a map, compass, comb, brush, towel, soap, and one change of underclothes For entertainment and enlightenment he took Burn s poems, Milton s Paradise Lost, and a small New Testament He carried precious little cash, no matches, and not even a canteen Night after night he slept in the dirt beside the road and awoke the following morning drenched through by the dew He bathed in blackwater streams, begged for some of his food, and when hospitality and funds failed, he camped in cemeteries Some days he walkedthan forty miles without dinner or supper, unable to find a family that would agree to take him in But none of these discomforts discouraged him in the least from pursuing his course south on his long glorious botanical walk to the sea.High in the Cumberland mountains of Tennessee, where primitive homesteads were far apart and uninhabited, orchards and fences in ruins sad marks of war, he slipped between small bands of guerillas infesting the mountains, presenting himself to thieves as nothingthan a poor herb doctor Whencivilised men inquired Young man, what are you doing here Muir replied that he was looking at plants I love all kinds of plants, and I came down here to these Southern states to get acquainted with as many of them as possible What did he meet Spanish moss, live oaks, magnolias, pineapples, and palmettos all novel and wonderful to the twenty nine year old Muir who had never spent much time outside a northern clime He writes about these plants and dozens of other species in exultant tones that contrast poignantly with his descriptions of the dirt and poverty that mark the human residents who live along the paths he followed For Muir, civilisation seemed necessary only to provide him with the food he needed to continue his long walk among the pine forests, swamps, and sand hills Nature was clean, abundant, and harmonious, the exact opposite of many of the human settlements he encountered if only he could overcome his need of daily bread, he vowed he would turn his back on civilisation forever.But Muir wasn t entirely a misanthrope In fact, his book is a charming read that entertains as much with its unstudied descriptions of Reconstruction Era Southerners as with its detailed observations the region s flora Unlike most of the other books published under his name, A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf was never finally edited by Muir for publication What we read is William Frederic Bad s edition of the journal Muir kept as he walked to the sea The final chapters, dealing with California, are drawn from other sources, and show Muir s penchant for prose in its full bloom and glory But most of A Thousand Mile Walk is fartemperate, and for that reason has proved to be one of my favourites


  3. Carol-Anne Carol-Anne says:

    John Muir walks to the Gulf of Mexico from Indianapolis via Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida Once there he heads for Cuba His interactions with people in a Post Civil War period were interesting homes, food, slavery, plantations, robbers, racism etc His journal not only provides observations of the flora he encounters but his views on environmentalism A short and enjoyable read about his wanderings.


  4. Kirsti Kirsti says:

    They tell us that plants are perishable, soulless creatures, that only man is immortal, etc but this, I think, is something that we know very nearly nothing about Mr Muir was a young man when he decided to walk a thousand miles to the Gulf of Mexico Don t do it, people told him You ll catch malaria But he did it, and he caught malaria, and it took him several months to recover He never did walk from Florida to the , as he had planned.A very interesting journal Muir describes They tell us that plants are perishable, soulless creatures, that only man is immortal, etc but this, I think, is something that we know very nearly nothing about Mr Muir was a young man when he decided to walk a thousand miles to the Gulf of Mexico Don t do it, people told him You ll catch malaria But he did it, and he caught malaria, and it took him several months to recover He never did walk from Florida to the , as he had planned.A very interesting journal Muir describes plants minutely Wildlife usually gets terser notes, such as Rattlesnakes abundant He is not at all fond of people, but he tells of some interesting encounters, such as the wealthy planter who is convinced that someday electricity will do all the world s work instead of just being used for telegraphy Muir also describes an attempted robbery in which the would be robber gives up in disgust when he finds out that Muir s bag contains only soap, a comb, a few other items, and dozens of plant samples.Learned some new words, including troublous and botanize


  5. Katrina Dreamer Katrina Dreamer says:

    I appreciated reading this because it s just John Muir rambling in the countryside with an immense appreciation for and knowledge of the flora There are some breathtaking passages There are also several racist remarks that are off puttinghe did this journey shortly after the civil war and the general opinion of African Americans at the time was less than stellar I didn t expect that.


  6. Valerie Valerie says:

    I m about halfway through this, and I m finding problems with it that have little to do with the botanizing which is the official purpose of the book If the purpose of the book is to supply botanical information much of which I could have provided myself with very little difficulty, having lived inor less the same sort of environment further west ,drawings would be almost obligatory Giving the Latin names for plants does NOT identify them to people who ve seen them, but who have I m about halfway through this, and I m finding problems with it that have little to do with the botanizing which is the official purpose of the book If the purpose of the book is to supply botanical information much of which I could have provided myself with very little difficulty, having lived inor less the same sort of environment further west ,drawings would be almost obligatory Giving the Latin names for plants does NOT identify them to people who ve seen them, but who have known only the popular names Also, black white photos are virtually useless to convey the rich tints of the environments It could be argued that black white photos were all that were available at the time This argument is invalid Not only were there accurately colored drawings, but many people took monochrome photos and added color This applies not only to sepia tinting The photos were PAINTED the proper colors an art which is not sufficiently remembered and celebrated Whether Muir himself had the skills to do this sort of thing is not clear He evidently didn t bring a camera along on this trip, and his notebooks, as published, do not include drawings The text implies that Muir took samples leaves, cuttings, etc , but sketches don t seem to have been part of the plan The few photos do not very well convey what things actually looked like at the time andrecent photos don t do the area justice, really, either The casual racism which is so jarring to current readers is, in fact, quite liberal for the times This was shortly after the American Civil War The local people he lodges with are suspicious of outsiders, regarding them as what would later have been called carpetbaggers They quite reasonably suspect that many of the people who come to provide services to the freedmen are out for personal enrichment, at the expense of both landholders and the very freedmen they were supposedly there to aid Many were, of course Others who honestly came to provide assistance were corrupted This happens with all reform movements If there had been proper oversight and management of the reformers, it might have become a less corrupting process The problem was that there was no Marshall to oversee the reforms and Reconstruction itself, and that there was quite a bit of local and outside resistance to land and social reforms Muir, however, was not a party to the process at all He was just there to botanize If he had come up with adetailed plan beforehand, he would probably have included a plan to interview the herb doctors he was often mistaken for They had a lot of lore and records, verbal and written, and could have helped him with things like sketches, distinguishing species, etc.It s evident that Muir had no idea how malaria was transmitted He speaks of a vapor theory of transmission reflected in the name of the disease, which is Italian for bad air The Pontine Marshes probably DID smell bad but the main impact they had on the spread of malaria was that they formed breeding grounds for mosquitoes which spread the disease If this had been recognized, then protective measures which included preservation of mosquito predators might have been implemented, rather than what too often did happen, which was elimination of the essential wetlands And Muir himself might have brought along mosquito netting, for those nights when he had to sleep outside.The part I ve found most irritating so far is not the racism Muir doesn t have muchuse for Southern whites than for the freed slaves it sa classist contempt he practices His mockery of the diet of poor people in general seems based on the idea that they had alternatives what alternatives He doesn t say , but chose to eat cornbread and bacon instead The irritating part is rather the attempt to reconcile people to death I won t have any part of it It s all spinach Death IS a bad thing, and I consider attempts to reconcile people to it invidious.Otherwise, the story so far is a fairly interesting one I don t think much of maligning reptiles, or of describing ANY plants as weeds but this sort of thing is actually rarer in Muir than in other works from the period.A few notes as I read on 1 Muir accepts uncritically the argument that alligators attack humans unprovoked, with the intention of eating them This is slander transcribed into libel It is simply not true that we feel an instinctive repulsion to reptiles I personally have never felt any such thing Further, alligators are NOT aggressive, and except for the very oldest, are not large enough to consider any but infant humans prospective prey The one documented case so far is of a man who attacked an alligator NOT vice versa in an attempt to save a dog, which the alligator was indubitably trying to drown as prey If the human was injured trying to deprive the alligator of its prey, this is NOT an indication that the alligator was prone to attacking humans Most creatures will fight to keep from being robbed of their prey 2 On a related topic, Muir argues that there is tropical vegetation in the Continental US There may be in Southern Florida, and along the Gulf Coast Essentially, the indicator probably best suited to indicate where tropical flora and fauna begin is to check a map showing where alligators leave off and crocodiles begin This would be extreme southern Florida the very southernmost tip of the peninsula and the Florida Keys Everywhere else, the climate and the lifeforms are SUBtropical.I tend to take the assertion that glades and forest patches are impassible with a grain of salt I ve lived in and passed through forests quite often, and I ve seldom found areas with as much underbrush as is mentioned And even where there is much in the way of brambles, the only way people get torn as much as Muir described is if they try to rush through the briars Taking the time to carefully untangle and move the thorny branches aside is laborious, but in the end, it probably takes LESS time than trying to hack and push one s way through Later in the book, there are some sketches Other editions may havesketches This would be preferable One would like to think that the original journal was full of sketches.Likewise, some maps would have come in handy Muir describes areas which are not familiar to many modern readers mostly, the roads either don t go to those places, or they re walled about with berms, hills, and forests nowadays Though the title causes expectations of descriptions of lands from Kentucky to Northern Florida, these are there, but it s not really clear what the route was Even a sketch map with a dotted line would be useful There seems to have been a crossing of the Florida peninsula north of Lake Okeechobee, I gather, and also well north of where Everglades National Park is now There is also appended because, I gather, the original journals were quite short a description of the author s botanical excursions around Havana, Cuba, and of a trip to California apparently the first of several by the author.The botanical studies of Havana are almost certainly long outdated I don t know how much urban Havana spread out after the 1860s, and how much reversion to urban gardens and forestry there has been since the 1950s The descriptions given by Muir suggest that part of the coast was sandy desert with extensive cacti at the time, but that the city was largely built on a Moorish model with houses surrounded by walled or fenced gardens, and with large courtyards within residences, with gardens This may have been only in the richer neighborhoods, away from the coast The implication in the book is that the harbor neighborhoods were quite heavily paved over but that there were few farms in the immediate neighborhood of the city This probably changed over time, but it would require quite a bit of further reading to discover how, and whether it was reversed Part of Muir s problem was that he was pretty seriously ill with malaria and probably typhoid at the time, and so he wasn t able to go far afield.The California sections began to make me evenuneasy Other reviewers have commented on Muir s casual racism but this racism is largely directed toward what Muir calls negroes , and, for the time, is quite mild More worrisome is the almost complete erasure of indigenous peoples from the record The book was written about thirty years after the Trail of Tears noteworthy among indigenous removal force marches by the fact that it was thoroughly documented by the VICTIMS in journals, letters, newspapers, etc In Florida, Muir would have traveled through the area after the end of the Seminole Wars the last of which ended before the American Civil War In California, this book takes place a few years before the massacre of the Yahi from which the youth Ishi, who died in 1916, was probably one of the longest surviving escapees, among those who weren t deported to reservations Yet the implication is that the Round Hills area which is described in the book was completely uninhabited by humans, though it must once have been a major part of the lands inhabited by native Californians It s as if Muir had simply blocked the existence of Native Americans entirely from his mind.I didn t like the description of an area of Southern Alta California very much anyway It tends to confirm my opinion that the area is not fit for human habitation I do understand that the indigenous peoples had a lifestyle that didn t require quite so much in the way of resources, but still the area described is very close to high desert Though it s observed in a period of unusually high rainfall and snowmelt it was early spring , it seems barren and awful to me I m unusual in how much I hate sunlight I recognize that And I also hate treeless mountains I don t find them anything like intoxicating or beautiful they just exude death to me I find them depressing in that way I find them impressive But it s not a kind of impression I d care to cultivate.I don t know if this book is typical of Muir s work I gather that other works, which Muir published himself, werepolished andcarefully edited I don t know whether they would have been significantly improved in the areas which modern readers find disturbing, however All in all, while I agree with Muir about many matters especially about the hubris of humans, and particularly that of what is now described as Western philosophies , I find this bookirritating than enlightening Perhaps if I hadbackground in botany lacking pictures, for example, I often can t say whether I ve seen the plants Muir describes , I might feel differently Meantime, I ll be looking around for an edition withillustrations If I don t find one, it s doubtful that I ll read this particular book again


  7. Chris Tharrington Chris Tharrington says:

    A self righteous pile of crap.


  8. Christiane Christiane says:

    I wanted to like itbut I became bogged down in descriptions of flowers and trees Then when something really exciting happened like getting swept away crossing a river, or encountering alligators, he just mentions it in passing It s also hard to get past the casual racism of the times written in 1867 when he makes remarks like The negroes are easy going and merry, making a great deal of noise and doing little work.


  9. dead letter office dead letter office says:

    John Muir walks from Kentucky to Florida, then goes by boat to Cuba and California via New York.Crazy that he walked across the South in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War This guy has a lot of nice things to say about plants and the weather He doesn t seem to care much for people.


  10. Devyn Devyn says:

    I really wanted to like this one, but it just didn t happen It started out well enough, but the blatant racism completely took me out of it I found myself turning against Muir theI read, which made me sad because in general I m a fan of his enthusiasm for preservation.


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Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico❮Reading❯ ➵ Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico ➭ Author John Muir – Polishdarling.co.uk John Muir, pianeta Terra, universo Cos l autore scrive sulla copertina interna del suo taccuino prima di mettersi in cammino poche parole che per rivelano immediatamente il temperamento e la vastit de in cammino PDF ↠ John in cammino fino al Epub / Muir, pianeta Terra, universo Cos l autore scrive sulla copertina interna del suo taccuino prima di mettersi in cammino poche parole che per rivelano immediatamente il temperamento e la vastit del suo pensieroStudioso appassionato Mille miglia Epub / di botanica, a solianni, Muir decide di mettersi in cammino diretto a Sud, con l unico scopo di studiare e documentare le bellezze e le meraviglie della natura, un viaggio che lo condurr fino a Cuba miglia in cammino eBook ☆ e terminer poi in CaliforniaLeggendo il suo diario di viaggio troviamo annotazioni che rivelano la sua inclinazione ad una vita solitaria e all aria aperta, immerso nella natura selvaggia e immacolata, a cui l uomo non ha ancora imposto la sua presenzaQuesta verso il Golfo del Messico non certamente la prima spedizione esplorativa che John Muir intraprende la prima in assoluto fu quella narrata in My First Summer in the Sierra, La mia prima estate sulla Sierra ma di sicuro resta la pi impegnativa e la pi avventurosa Muir non si limita infatti a parlarci di flora e fauna, di affascinanti foreste, di pianure e paludi rigogliose, egli descrive con grande intelligenza e sensibilit anche il contesto socio economico in cui viaggiaL a di Muir per la natura per prevale su qualsiasi altro aspetto al punto da farsi quasi religione il suo linguaggio diventa biblico quando esprime i suoi sentimenti e nessun profeta avrebbe potuto prendere pi seriamente la chiamata o intraprendere una tale missione con tanto fervente sentimento.


About the Author: John Muir

in cammino PDF ↠ John in cammino fino al Epub / Muir was a Scottish American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Mille miglia Epub / Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions His activism helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas The Sierra Club, which he founded, is now one of the miglia in cammino eBook ☆ most important conservation organizations in the United States One of the best known hiking trails in the US the mile km John Muir Trail, was named in his honor Other such places include Muir Woods National Monument, Muir Beach, John Muir College, Mount Muir, Camp Muir and Muir GlacierIn his later life, Muir devoted most of his time to the preservation of the Western forests He petitioned the US Congress for the National Park bill that was passed in , establishing Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks The spiritual quality and enthusiasm toward nature expressed in his writings inspired readers, including presidents and congressmen, to take action to help preserve large nature areas He is today referred to as the Father of the National Parks and the National Park Service has produced a short documentary about his lifeMuir s biographer, Steven J Holmes, believes that Muir has become one of the patron saints of twentieth century American environmental activity, both political and recreational As a result, his writings are commonly discussed in books and journals, and he is often quoted by nature photographers such as Ansel Adams Muir has profoundly shaped the very categories through which Americans understand and envision their relationships with the natural world, writes Holmes Muir was noted for being an ecological thinker, political spokesman, and religious prophet, whose writings became a personal guide into nature for countless individuals, making his name almost ubiquitous in the modern environmental consciousness According to author William Anderson, Muir exemplified the archetype of our oneness with the earthMuir was extremely fond of Henry David Thoreau and was probably influencedby him than even Ralph Waldo Emerson Muir often referred to himself as a disciple of Thoreau He was also heavily influenced by fellow naturalist John BurroughsDuring his lifetime John Muir published over articles and books He co founded the Sierra Club, which helped establish a number of national parks after he died and today has over million members Author Gretel Ehrlich states that as a dreamer and activist, his eloquent words changed the way Americans saw their mountains, forests, seashores, and deserts He not only led the efforts to protect forest areas and have some designated as national parks, but his writings gave readers a conception of the relationship between human culture and wild nature as one of humility and respect for all life, writes author Thurman WilkinsHis philosophy exalted wild nature over human culture and civilization Turner describes him as a man who in his singular way rediscovered America an American pioneer, an American hero Wilkins adds that a primary aim of Muir s nature philosophy was to challenge mankind s enormous conceit, and in so doing, he moved beyond the Transcendentalism of Emerson and Thoreau to a biocentric perspective on the world In the months after his death, many who knew Muir closely wrote about his influences.



10 thoughts on “Mille miglia in cammino fino al golfo del Messico

  1. Alan Alan says:

    Good, interesting account of not finishing his botany, chemistry and geology studies at U Wisconsin, which his cheap Scottish father would not pay for Leaving out his Canadian escape of the draft in 1863, Muir walked south, in 1866 or 67 He slept outside, under trees, often in cemeteries which combined great trees and comfortable grounds In western Virginia I think or North Carolina he ran into some Rebel troops who had not disbanded, but they took him for an herbalist he did carry lots of l Good, interesting account of not finishing his botany, chemistry and geology studies at U Wisconsin, which his cheap Scottish father would not pay for Leaving out his Canadian escape of the draft in 1863, Muir walked south, in 1866 or 67 He slept outside, under trees, often in cemeteries which combined great trees and comfortable grounds In western Virginia I think or North Carolina he ran into some Rebel troops who had not disbanded, but they took him for an herbalist he did carry lots of leaves and flowers, some medicinal and let him by Near Savannah he camped a week in Bonaventura cemetery, amazed at the live oaks and the moss I was fresh from the Western prairies, the garden like openings of Wisconsin, the beech and maple and oak woods of Indiana and Kentucky, the dark mysterious Savannah cypress forests but never since I was allowed to walk the woods have I found so impressive a company of trees as the tillandsia draped oaks of Bonaventura I could say the same of a variety of huge trees at Mt Auburn Cemetery Muir liked reading Emerson, whom I always aloudread in my Birdtalk talks particularly his poem, Titmouse, about a Chickadee s bravery in a winter storm, saying like Caesar, Ve ni vi di vi c h i Years later in the Sierra Nevada, Emerson visited him with a host of protectors Muir wanted Emerson to join him sleeping outside all night what Muir did his whole life but Emerson s handlers figured the old man wasn t up to it A disappointment for Muir, and possibly for Emerson I give this fours stars only because I think Muir s writing improved in his accounts of the Western mountains, his coming across bear with his dog and shotgun, avoiding shooting He d know when there was a bear ahead since his dog would linger near, not proceed ahead of him Great account of canyons and knowing someone is ten miles away Maybe Emerson


  2. Scott Scott says:

    John Muir would have made the worst Boy Scout imaginable Early in September 1867, joyful and free but woefully unprepared, he set out from Indianapolis, Indiana on a 1,000 mile walk that would take him down the rocky spine of the eastern seaboard across Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, to the Gulf coast of Florida In his rucksack he carried little than a map, compass, comb, brush, towel, soap, and one change of underclothes For entertainment and enlightenment he took John Muir would have made the worst Boy Scout imaginable Early in September 1867, joyful and free but woefully unprepared, he set out from Indianapolis, Indiana on a 1,000 mile walk that would take him down the rocky spine of the eastern seaboard across Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, to the Gulf coast of Florida In his rucksack he carried little than a map, compass, comb, brush, towel, soap, and one change of underclothes For entertainment and enlightenment he took Burn s poems, Milton s Paradise Lost, and a small New Testament He carried precious little cash, no matches, and not even a canteen Night after night he slept in the dirt beside the road and awoke the following morning drenched through by the dew He bathed in blackwater streams, begged for some of his food, and when hospitality and funds failed, he camped in cemeteries Some days he walkedthan forty miles without dinner or supper, unable to find a family that would agree to take him in But none of these discomforts discouraged him in the least from pursuing his course south on his long glorious botanical walk to the sea.High in the Cumberland mountains of Tennessee, where primitive homesteads were far apart and uninhabited, orchards and fences in ruins sad marks of war, he slipped between small bands of guerillas infesting the mountains, presenting himself to thieves as nothingthan a poor herb doctor Whencivilised men inquired Young man, what are you doing here Muir replied that he was looking at plants I love all kinds of plants, and I came down here to these Southern states to get acquainted with as many of them as possible What did he meet Spanish moss, live oaks, magnolias, pineapples, and palmettos all novel and wonderful to the twenty nine year old Muir who had never spent much time outside a northern clime He writes about these plants and dozens of other species in exultant tones that contrast poignantly with his descriptions of the dirt and poverty that mark the human residents who live along the paths he followed For Muir, civilisation seemed necessary only to provide him with the food he needed to continue his long walk among the pine forests, swamps, and sand hills Nature was clean, abundant, and harmonious, the exact opposite of many of the human settlements he encountered if only he could overcome his need of daily bread, he vowed he would turn his back on civilisation forever.But Muir wasn t entirely a misanthrope In fact, his book is a charming read that entertains as much with its unstudied descriptions of Reconstruction Era Southerners as with its detailed observations the region s flora Unlike most of the other books published under his name, A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf was never finally edited by Muir for publication What we read is William Frederic Bad s edition of the journal Muir kept as he walked to the sea The final chapters, dealing with California, are drawn from other sources, and show Muir s penchant for prose in its full bloom and glory But most of A Thousand Mile Walk is fartemperate, and for that reason has proved to be one of my favourites


  3. Carol-Anne Carol-Anne says:

    John Muir walks to the Gulf of Mexico from Indianapolis via Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida Once there he heads for Cuba His interactions with people in a Post Civil War period were interesting homes, food, slavery, plantations, robbers, racism etc His journal not only provides observations of the flora he encounters but his views on environmentalism A short and enjoyable read about his wanderings.


  4. Kirsti Kirsti says:

    They tell us that plants are perishable, soulless creatures, that only man is immortal, etc but this, I think, is something that we know very nearly nothing about Mr Muir was a young man when he decided to walk a thousand miles to the Gulf of Mexico Don t do it, people told him You ll catch malaria But he did it, and he caught malaria, and it took him several months to recover He never did walk from Florida to the , as he had planned.A very interesting journal Muir describes They tell us that plants are perishable, soulless creatures, that only man is immortal, etc but this, I think, is something that we know very nearly nothing about Mr Muir was a young man when he decided to walk a thousand miles to the Gulf of Mexico Don t do it, people told him You ll catch malaria But he did it, and he caught malaria, and it took him several months to recover He never did walk from Florida to the , as he had planned.A very interesting journal Muir describes plants minutely Wildlife usually gets terser notes, such as Rattlesnakes abundant He is not at all fond of people, but he tells of some interesting encounters, such as the wealthy planter who is convinced that someday electricity will do all the world s work instead of just being used for telegraphy Muir also describes an attempted robbery in which the would be robber gives up in disgust when he finds out that Muir s bag contains only soap, a comb, a few other items, and dozens of plant samples.Learned some new words, including troublous and botanize


  5. Katrina Dreamer Katrina Dreamer says:

    I appreciated reading this because it s just John Muir rambling in the countryside with an immense appreciation for and knowledge of the flora There are some breathtaking passages There are also several racist remarks that are off puttinghe did this journey shortly after the civil war and the general opinion of African Americans at the time was less than stellar I didn t expect that.


  6. Valerie Valerie says:

    I m about halfway through this, and I m finding problems with it that have little to do with the botanizing which is the official purpose of the book If the purpose of the book is to supply botanical information much of which I could have provided myself with very little difficulty, having lived inor less the same sort of environment further west ,drawings would be almost obligatory Giving the Latin names for plants does NOT identify them to people who ve seen them, but who have I m about halfway through this, and I m finding problems with it that have little to do with the botanizing which is the official purpose of the book If the purpose of the book is to supply botanical information much of which I could have provided myself with very little difficulty, having lived inor less the same sort of environment further west ,drawings would be almost obligatory Giving the Latin names for plants does NOT identify them to people who ve seen them, but who have known only the popular names Also, black white photos are virtually useless to convey the rich tints of the environments It could be argued that black white photos were all that were available at the time This argument is invalid Not only were there accurately colored drawings, but many people took monochrome photos and added color This applies not only to sepia tinting The photos were PAINTED the proper colors an art which is not sufficiently remembered and celebrated Whether Muir himself had the skills to do this sort of thing is not clear He evidently didn t bring a camera along on this trip, and his notebooks, as published, do not include drawings The text implies that Muir took samples leaves, cuttings, etc , but sketches don t seem to have been part of the plan The few photos do not very well convey what things actually looked like at the time andrecent photos don t do the area justice, really, either The casual racism which is so jarring to current readers is, in fact, quite liberal for the times This was shortly after the American Civil War The local people he lodges with are suspicious of outsiders, regarding them as what would later have been called carpetbaggers They quite reasonably suspect that many of the people who come to provide services to the freedmen are out for personal enrichment, at the expense of both landholders and the very freedmen they were supposedly there to aid Many were, of course Others who honestly came to provide assistance were corrupted This happens with all reform movements If there had been proper oversight and management of the reformers, it might have become a less corrupting process The problem was that there was no Marshall to oversee the reforms and Reconstruction itself, and that there was quite a bit of local and outside resistance to land and social reforms Muir, however, was not a party to the process at all He was just there to botanize If he had come up with adetailed plan beforehand, he would probably have included a plan to interview the herb doctors he was often mistaken for They had a lot of lore and records, verbal and written, and could have helped him with things like sketches, distinguishing species, etc.It s evident that Muir had no idea how malaria was transmitted He speaks of a vapor theory of transmission reflected in the name of the disease, which is Italian for bad air The Pontine Marshes probably DID smell bad but the main impact they had on the spread of malaria was that they formed breeding grounds for mosquitoes which spread the disease If this had been recognized, then protective measures which included preservation of mosquito predators might have been implemented, rather than what too often did happen, which was elimination of the essential wetlands And Muir himself might have brought along mosquito netting, for those nights when he had to sleep outside.The part I ve found most irritating so far is not the racism Muir doesn t have muchuse for Southern whites than for the freed slaves it sa classist contempt he practices His mockery of the diet of poor people in general seems based on the idea that they had alternatives what alternatives He doesn t say , but chose to eat cornbread and bacon instead The irritating part is rather the attempt to reconcile people to death I won t have any part of it It s all spinach Death IS a bad thing, and I consider attempts to reconcile people to it invidious.Otherwise, the story so far is a fairly interesting one I don t think much of maligning reptiles, or of describing ANY plants as weeds but this sort of thing is actually rarer in Muir than in other works from the period.A few notes as I read on 1 Muir accepts uncritically the argument that alligators attack humans unprovoked, with the intention of eating them This is slander transcribed into libel It is simply not true that we feel an instinctive repulsion to reptiles I personally have never felt any such thing Further, alligators are NOT aggressive, and except for the very oldest, are not large enough to consider any but infant humans prospective prey The one documented case so far is of a man who attacked an alligator NOT vice versa in an attempt to save a dog, which the alligator was indubitably trying to drown as prey If the human was injured trying to deprive the alligator of its prey, this is NOT an indication that the alligator was prone to attacking humans Most creatures will fight to keep from being robbed of their prey 2 On a related topic, Muir argues that there is tropical vegetation in the Continental US There may be in Southern Florida, and along the Gulf Coast Essentially, the indicator probably best suited to indicate where tropical flora and fauna begin is to check a map showing where alligators leave off and crocodiles begin This would be extreme southern Florida the very southernmost tip of the peninsula and the Florida Keys Everywhere else, the climate and the lifeforms are SUBtropical.I tend to take the assertion that glades and forest patches are impassible with a grain of salt I ve lived in and passed through forests quite often, and I ve seldom found areas with as much underbrush as is mentioned And even where there is much in the way of brambles, the only way people get torn as much as Muir described is if they try to rush through the briars Taking the time to carefully untangle and move the thorny branches aside is laborious, but in the end, it probably takes LESS time than trying to hack and push one s way through Later in the book, there are some sketches Other editions may havesketches This would be preferable One would like to think that the original journal was full of sketches.Likewise, some maps would have come in handy Muir describes areas which are not familiar to many modern readers mostly, the roads either don t go to those places, or they re walled about with berms, hills, and forests nowadays Though the title causes expectations of descriptions of lands from Kentucky to Northern Florida, these are there, but it s not really clear what the route was Even a sketch map with a dotted line would be useful There seems to have been a crossing of the Florida peninsula north of Lake Okeechobee, I gather, and also well north of where Everglades National Park is now There is also appended because, I gather, the original journals were quite short a description of the author s botanical excursions around Havana, Cuba, and of a trip to California apparently the first of several by the author.The botanical studies of Havana are almost certainly long outdated I don t know how much urban Havana spread out after the 1860s, and how much reversion to urban gardens and forestry there has been since the 1950s The descriptions given by Muir suggest that part of the coast was sandy desert with extensive cacti at the time, but that the city was largely built on a Moorish model with houses surrounded by walled or fenced gardens, and with large courtyards within residences, with gardens This may have been only in the richer neighborhoods, away from the coast The implication in the book is that the harbor neighborhoods were quite heavily paved over but that there were few farms in the immediate neighborhood of the city This probably changed over time, but it would require quite a bit of further reading to discover how, and whether it was reversed Part of Muir s problem was that he was pretty seriously ill with malaria and probably typhoid at the time, and so he wasn t able to go far afield.The California sections began to make me evenuneasy Other reviewers have commented on Muir s casual racism but this racism is largely directed toward what Muir calls negroes , and, for the time, is quite mild More worrisome is the almost complete erasure of indigenous peoples from the record The book was written about thirty years after the Trail of Tears noteworthy among indigenous removal force marches by the fact that it was thoroughly documented by the VICTIMS in journals, letters, newspapers, etc In Florida, Muir would have traveled through the area after the end of the Seminole Wars the last of which ended before the American Civil War In California, this book takes place a few years before the massacre of the Yahi from which the youth Ishi, who died in 1916, was probably one of the longest surviving escapees, among those who weren t deported to reservations Yet the implication is that the Round Hills area which is described in the book was completely uninhabited by humans, though it must once have been a major part of the lands inhabited by native Californians It s as if Muir had simply blocked the existence of Native Americans entirely from his mind.I didn t like the description of an area of Southern Alta California very much anyway It tends to confirm my opinion that the area is not fit for human habitation I do understand that the indigenous peoples had a lifestyle that didn t require quite so much in the way of resources, but still the area described is very close to high desert Though it s observed in a period of unusually high rainfall and snowmelt it was early spring , it seems barren and awful to me I m unusual in how much I hate sunlight I recognize that And I also hate treeless mountains I don t find them anything like intoxicating or beautiful they just exude death to me I find them depressing in that way I find them impressive But it s not a kind of impression I d care to cultivate.I don t know if this book is typical of Muir s work I gather that other works, which Muir published himself, werepolished andcarefully edited I don t know whether they would have been significantly improved in the areas which modern readers find disturbing, however All in all, while I agree with Muir about many matters especially about the hubris of humans, and particularly that of what is now described as Western philosophies , I find this bookirritating than enlightening Perhaps if I hadbackground in botany lacking pictures, for example, I often can t say whether I ve seen the plants Muir describes , I might feel differently Meantime, I ll be looking around for an edition withillustrations If I don t find one, it s doubtful that I ll read this particular book again


  7. Chris Tharrington Chris Tharrington says:

    A self righteous pile of crap.


  8. Christiane Christiane says:

    I wanted to like itbut I became bogged down in descriptions of flowers and trees Then when something really exciting happened like getting swept away crossing a river, or encountering alligators, he just mentions it in passing It s also hard to get past the casual racism of the times written in 1867 when he makes remarks like The negroes are easy going and merry, making a great deal of noise and doing little work.


  9. dead letter office dead letter office says:

    John Muir walks from Kentucky to Florida, then goes by boat to Cuba and California via New York.Crazy that he walked across the South in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War This guy has a lot of nice things to say about plants and the weather He doesn t seem to care much for people.


  10. Devyn Devyn says:

    I really wanted to like this one, but it just didn t happen It started out well enough, but the blatant racism completely took me out of it I found myself turning against Muir theI read, which made me sad because in general I m a fan of his enthusiasm for preservation.


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