AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order

AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World

AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order ❮Reading❯ ➿ AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order Author Kai-Fu Lee – Polishdarling.co.uk Dr Kai Fu Lee one of the world s most respected experts on AI and China reveals that China has suddenly caught up to the US at an astonishingly rapid and unexpected pace In AI Superpowers, Kai fu Lee Dr Kai Fu China, Silicon ePUB ✓ Lee one of the world s most respected experts on AI and China reveals that China has suddenly caught up to the US at an astonishingly rapid and unexpected pace In AI Superpowers, Kai fu Lee argues powerfully that because of these unprecedented developments in AI, dramatic changes will be happening AI Superpowers: eBook ☆ much sooner than many of us expected Indeed, as the US Sino AI competition begins to heat up, Lee urges the US and China to both accept and to embrace the great responsibilities that come with significant technological power Most experts already say that AI will have a devastating impact on blue collar jobs But Superpowers: China, Silicon PDF/EPUB è Lee predicts that Chinese and American AI will have a strong impact on white collar jobs as well Is universal basic income the solution In Lee s opinion, probably not But he provides a clear description of which jobs will be affected and how soon, which jobs can be enhanced with AI, and most importantly, how we can provide solutions to some of the most profound changes in human history that are coming soon.


10 thoughts on “AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order

  1. Mario the lone bookwolf Mario the lone bookwolf says:

    The distillation and preparation of the data for feeding the omniscient cyber oracle The culturally influenced, very different approach to research and integration of AI in society is interesting So the methods to compensate for the loss of jobs and changes in society will be different and it will be interesting to see which strategies will be successful And whether evenbeneficial mixed forms from the best Asian and Western approaches will be mixed together Politics, especially democra The distillation and preparation of the data for feeding the omniscient cyber oracle The culturally influenced, very different approach to research and integration of AI in society is interesting So the methods to compensate for the loss of jobs and changes in society will be different and it will be interesting to see which strategies will be successful And whether evenbeneficial mixed forms from the best Asian and Western approaches will be mixed together Politics, especially democracy and economic systems, will be accelerated with the help of the AI, and new, yet unimagined variants will develop The dalliances and thought experiments with ideas, especially in the economy, will become obsolete If a concept, at the moment, fails in reality again and again , one can calculate in advance for the future The best variants are chosen and respond to unexpected developments, such as those of geopolitical nature, directly and correctly Two aspects could benefit China A larger population meansdata andsmart minds And second politics, through its closer integration with the economy and state companies, enables implementation in dimensions and timeframes that would be utopian in Europe and the USA The current technology plan of China as of 2019 alone outshines all other states, in particular concerning automation, robotics and the development and expansion of the branches of science These two factors will weighheavily as soon as the technological advantage of the West has melted away The long overdue implementation of AI in school and university education in China is being driven forward with a concrete plan as well as its use in almost all public areas And not just by empty phrases like in the West, but based on an intelligent concept with goals and milestones by 2020, 2025 and 2030 In western countries, it is to be expected that, thanks to too much bureaucratization and mutual sabotage of the political parties, the legal aspects will be in just in draft form until then Not yet decided, as dealing with time pressure one may not expect from these instances, while education systems and research facilities are being cut down and privatized At this time, training and work in China will already be robustly connected with AI and create a synergy effect for man and machine The weaknesses of the Chinese education system concerning the lack of creativity and critical thinking will be eliminated by AI Individually tailored to pupils and students learning and tutor AIs will accompany them on their educational path, recognize their strengths and promote them better than human teachers 24 7 Thus will, not only many , but alsocreative university graduates emerge from the high class Chinese universities After all, generative adversarial networks GANs and deep learning together sooner or later are will steal almost all human jobs the right to exist And until then 1.4 billion motivated users generate data and improve the systems What unofficial progress there may already have been made is also an unknown factor, but just with the known technologies, one is speaking of a disruption, the dawn of the machine age It is significant that the victory of various AIs over chess grandmasters has not brought any logical consequence in the West Namely to massively invest in AI before all other research areas with full resources of the state and private sectors with public private partnerships On the other hand, the victory of AlphaGo in 2017 has shaken China up Why the same events in chess passed by Europe and the US without consequences can be discussed in many ways, but it says a lot about the mentality and prioritization of cultures Whether, as examined in the book, ultimately the US, China, Europe lol or any other state will take over the leadership, is irrelevant for the development of AI On the other hand, how the long term perspective affects global equilibrium is the big deal Humankind has never created an evenabsolute, immediate reacting and intelligent power Whoever becomes their first master, has an uncatchable advantage and whether this superintelligence can also feel emotions is only a partial aspect That means that what differentiates us, as humans, from the machine, and makes us unique, is just an unimportant and reproducible aspect out of the spectrum of the AIs abilities Because whether the control and steering are cold and logical or spiced with a pinch of empathy, does not change the concept The ability to understand human emotions, on the contrary, could be misused to manipulate the population even better That in addition to the statistical and probable calculation, both the group dynamics and the individual parameters of each are included in the calculation key AI is already superior in many areas Whether it is good to teach it feelings and however humanity can be coded, is an open question What if it reveals the cognitive dissonance and contradictions in people s beliefs, personality, self image, and the ego too obvious With rationality, the dangers of emotion are exposed What if the AI is imitating individual biochemical processes and behavioral patterns to make perfect avatars for every human being What makes the copy different from the original Could friends and family see a difference And how much does that reduce the economic value of social interaction if it can be artificially created in all its facets The implications for the individual and all social networks are far reaching Sometimes an advance is hard to catch up The requirement of collecting massive amounts of data illustrates the dilemma It took a long time for the technology, disk space, algorithms, and finally enough data to be sufficient Those who start merging Big Data and AI at this point benefit from exponential growth Their AI and algorithms learn on their own, are continually being improved by humans and are self optimizing Even if a state succeeds years later in creating the same underlying conditions, its artificial organism is not competitive As if a child would compete against an experienced and ingenious adult Nobody knows where the limits of the growth of an AI s abilities are if there even are any that distinguish them from godlike omnipotence The result is a scientific singularity that enables the economy and research to accelerate to unprecedented levels There is nothing to oppose this superior competitiveness and dominance over the world market Other states are wasting money on expensive, ineffective research for the slow production of non contemporary products They have no alternative, as their entire production chains, including engineers and basic researchers, use antiquated methods Protectionism in the form of punitive tariffs and trade embargoes are a mute cry for help Spinning the scenario further reveals that an AI superpower does not need external stimuli except commodities If you can manufacture everything yourself, it makes sense to weaken other states by not buying their products To be able to squeeze the raw materials even cheaper from the faltering countries and to buy their remaining economy and government debts to finally dominate it It opens up a variety of new geopolitical, social political and global economic scenarios that completely change the rules of the game Of course, in a very distant time, the point may come when all states have the best AI, automated manufacturing and so on But until then, superpowers will be created by the equivalent of the oil of the 21st century, the data in an all knowing entity.To end with a quote WW1 was the war of chemists WW2 was the war of physicists WW3 will be the war of mathematicians I would add trade war and software engineers computer scientists hackers.A wiki walk can be as refreshing to the mind as a walk through nature in this completely overrated real life outside books


  2. Max Max says:

    This book is an eye opener for those of us unfamiliar with the wide ranging capabilities and imminent impact of AI Lee tells us about the development, design and future of AI and associated web and mobile technology He contrasts Chinese work in AI with that in the US While Chinese AI is based on technologies developed in the US, Chinese companies are now taking their own direction Lee makes a strong case that AI will have profound consequences for society and determine the relative power of This book is an eye opener for those of us unfamiliar with the wide ranging capabilities and imminent impact of AI Lee tells us about the development, design and future of AI and associated web and mobile technology He contrasts Chinese work in AI with that in the US While Chinese AI is based on technologies developed in the US, Chinese companies are now taking their own direction Lee makes a strong case that AI will have profound consequences for society and determine the relative power of nations He means this in terms of economic power He does not discuss military applications Kai Fu Lee is CEO of a Chinese venture capital firm investing in AI A former president of Google China with a PhD from Carnegie Mellon University he has thirty years experience in AI research From just the application of recently developed technology called deep learning , Lee predicts society will be cast into worldwide upheaval For example automated factories will eliminate the need for low cost labor devastating developing countries, allowing factories to be built near consumers The economic demise of those displaced by AI in developed countries will exacerbate income inequality Successful AI entrepreneurs and their companies will gain an even larger share of national income than their internet and social media predecessors eclipsing people such as Microsoft founder Bill Gates andfounder Jeff Bezos It s a scary picture but Lee evaluates ways to address the problem and offers his own solutions.Lee believes China will lead in implementing AI with the US second China secures an advantage because it is investing increasinglyin AI than the US Chinese AI and other software startups are offered rent subsidies and tax discounts to move into designated zones to create technology incubators in the image of Silicon Valley Local governments have started guiding funds which have grown exponentially in a few years to 27 billion in 2015 for investment in venture capital firms focused on AI and supporting technologies China is also investing heavily in AI related education The Chinese government is prioritizing AI because it sees AI leadership as a way to increase its world power and spread its culture just as the West has with past technology leadership Google s Eric Schmidt in 2017 said that in five years China would equal the US in AI Americans often blame Chinese government interference for limiting their success in China however Lee notes that the domestic success of Chinese internet companies has been dueto their customization for the Chinese market than government controls Lee attributes Chinese sensitivity to its users to its flexibility Unencumbered by lofty mission statements or core values , they had no problem in following trends in user activity wherever it took their companies Lee believes a market where copying is problematic such as the US allows the originator to maintain a significant competitive advantage making them less responsive to customers.Lee describes competition between Chinese AI companies as cutthroat anything goes He describes the work ethic as maniacal , well beyond the intensity of Silicon Valley American companies eschew copying from each other Chinese companies are happy to take technology, business models, employees, whatever they can get from their domestic or international competitors making themagile In China they do not face lawsuits or antimonopoly investigations for their actions only the counterpunch of their competitors which can include smear campaigns and even charging competitors with crimes Lee sees Silicon Valley entrepreneurs as mission driven Take an original idea and achieve an idealistic goal He sees their Chinese counterparts as market driven It doesn t matter where an idea comes from, only that it makes a profit In Lee s words The core motivation for Chinese market driven entrepreneurs is not fame, glory or changing the world These things are all nice side benefits, but the grand prize is getting rich, and it doesn t matter how you got there Lee does note that if one of the big seven in AI research four US, three Chinese Google, Facebook, , Microsoft, Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent makes a game changing breakthrough, it would keep that to itself, garnering a huge competitive advantage and rendering the implementation of present AI technology short lived Among the seven, Lee gives Google the best shot at such a breakthrough It has over half of the top 100 AI researchers in the world and spends twice as much on math and computer systems research as the US government However he still considers such a breakthroughlikely to occur in academia which openly shares its results And the record of such significant breakthroughs shows they do not occur frequently.If a major proprietary breakthrough in AI technology in the near term is unlikely, ability to implement becomes the key issue rather expertise in research, favoring China The amount of data available to feed current state of the art deep learning AI systems determines how well they operate This too favors China We are not yet in the age of generalized AI systems Deep learning AI systems need large amounts of data to learn a specific task, say controlling an autonomous vehicle or facial recognition One platform, WeChat, can provide everything one needs to know about Chinese habits WeChat owned by Tencent is a mobile super app WeChat allows other developers to incorporate apps within it With WeChat users can exchange messages, connect with friends, transfer money, make investments, shop, make reservations, order meals, make a doctor s appointment, unlock a city bike, get a taxi, have groceries or prescriptions delivered, get movie tickets, pay traffic fines, and on and on Mobile payments in China were 17 trillion in 2017 They are quickly replacing credit cards and cash Some beggars hang QR codes around there neck to accept mobile payments WeChat apps collect data on what you buy, who you send money to, the food you eat, the doctor you see, the medicines you use, where you take your bike share or ride share and much, muchIn the US this data is scattered among many platforms and Americans are pushing back on the invasion of their privacy As I was writing this I read that Apple CEO Tim Cook attributed declining iPhone sales in China in part to WeChat WeChat does everything and it does it just as well on a cheap Android as it does on an iPhone.Lee sees four waves of AI development The first wave is already with us Algorithms are deciding the ads we see, the videos we are offered and the news we read The key is data Thethat an AI engine sees of your clicks, pictures and videos viewed, articles and tweets read, the better it can give you what you want leading to aaddictive experience That addictive experience is the goal sinceclicks meanprofit for the website A Chinese site, Toutiao, called ByteDance in English, is a purveyor of trending news like Buzzfeed Except rather than use reporters it uses AI to find content that you want even creating its own headlines based on your preferences The company is experimenting with the algorithm writing its own articles It can summarize a sports event and post it two seconds after the event ends These algorithms can both create and detect fake news Toutiao pits two such algorithms against each other to hone their abilities The second wave of AI development is also already with us, in the USthan China It s about business Insurance companies use it to determine risk, banks to determine credit, hedge funds to trade stocks, and pharmaceutical companies to design drugs The reason the US leads in this area is the same reason China leads in consumer applications data US companies have long used data bases to store massive amounts of information in formats readily accessible to AI engines An emerging application is disease diagnosis AI engines are thorough taking in and weighing fardetail than a human AI diagnoses can be used as guides letting the doctor make the final decision AI can help level the quality of care for underserved poor and rural areas In China AI is being tested for court systems helping judges decide guilt or innocence and an appropriate sentience This can help eliminate bias The third wave of AI development is just emerging This is perception AI, AI that can recognize objects, voices and faces Already a test KFC in China is charging customers based on facial recognition alone The sensors and algorithm first check that the subject is alive to prevent being fooled by a picture The WeChat wallet is updated immediately The customer does nothing except to place their order and take their food Perception AI requires extensive use of sensors This is already common in China allowing urban traffic flows to be controlled In the home devices likes Echo interfacing with smart devices allow people to control their environment Combining home with store AI is next For example your grocery cart could receive your home shopping list augmented by data from your refrigerator and your purchase history And of course it would ring up and pay for your order just by placing items in the cart Education is ripe for development with AI determining a student s needs, producing appropriate work assignments and grading them AI could identify students requiring tutoring or those with exceptional abilities The human teacher would still lecture and assist students.The fourth wave of AI is autonomy We are familiar with the tests of autonomous vehicles The development of autonomous cars relies mostly on collectingreal world data which Tesla and the real technology leader, Google, are actively doing Chinese companies are also developing autonomous cars but most experts are already with US companies which started working on this complicated application years ago While Chinese companies are behind US companies they face fewer restrictions and havegovernment support than US companies A California startup has devised a machine that can see and delicately pick only ripe strawberries Now it is pulled by a conventional tractor In the future it will be autonomous Drones for everything from firefighting, search and rescue, product delivery and muchare coming Ins warehouses the shelves come to warehousemen who stay in one place filling boxes for delivery The next step seems obvious As for the home environment Lee does not believe current AI is ready for useful robots The tasks just to clean a house are too diverse for today s technology.While Lee sees artificial general intelligence AGI decades away including its ominous possibilities, he does see potentially dire consequences from the full implementation of current AI technology These consequences are widespread loss of jobs, devaluation of labor, increased income inequality between nations and within nations The impact will disrupt society and the balance of power in the world Poor countries relying on cheap labor will be hit the hardest As factories automate labor costs decline allowing factories to minimize transportation costs and improve service by moving near their markets in developed countries Data driven monopolies will have significant advantages displacing smaller competitors The AI superpowers, China and the US, will forge ahead while the developing countries will fall further behind Within China and the US the divide between the rich and poor will be even greater PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates AI will increase worldwide GDP by 15.7 trillion dollars by 2030 with 70% of that going to the US and China Since AI consists of algorithms that are easily installed where needed and maintained remotely, this revolution can take place at unprecedented speed Jobs that don t require social interaction or advanced robotics are most at risk White collar as well as blue collar jobs are at risk Some examples Radiologists are at risk, Psychiatrists are not Loan underwriters are at risk, PR directors are not Dishwashers are at risk, dog trainers are not Fast food preparers are at risk, Physical therapists are not As I write this the Brookings Institute issued a report that 36 million US jobs are at high risk to be replaced by automation in possibly the next few years although it could take up to two decades Companies typically invest in labor saving technologies during downturns so a recession would speed things up Lee shares estimates of how many jobs will actually be displaced in the US where almost all studies have been conducted These vary from a low of 9% all the way up to 48% Lee believes 38% is the number of jobs at risk but this could be ameliorated by social policies cutting actual displacement in half and some new jobs will be created But the value of labor will also drop meaning lower wages for those still employed The impact on the self worth of most workers will exacerbate social and political divides Lee evaluates prescriptions for dealing with an AI world with too many people for too few traditional jobs He considers retraining, reducing work hours and guaranteed income Retraining should be done but will have limited impact Reduced hours may help some but will reach its limits as will income redistribution If people are paid for doing little or nothing their sense of self worth can be undermined creating an underclass It would lead to a divided society Are you one of those who work to provide for the world or one who we support Lee believes there needs to be a new social contract in which government and industry invest in human oriented service jobs AI will do the thinking but it has no emotion Lee wants to use the tremendous gains from AI productivity to help fund jobs such as elderly caregivers, patient facing health workers, student supporting educators jobs in which compassion and a human touch can improve people s lives It would be a remarkable shift to divert corporate profits to create this caring society In part Lee s ideas stem from his life changing experience being diagnosed with stage four lymphoma He wants AI to do the diagnoses but a human not a bot to deliver the news and explain it Lee recovered with treatment but it made him question what is really important in life The last chapters of his book reflect this seismic shift in his outlook He went from seeing his value as revolutionizing the world with game changing technology to valuing personal relationships being there for family and friends and helping people lead better lives The dichotomy is reflected in the future we face as AI intrudes into every aspect of our lives Will it be utopia, dystopia or just a muddle


  3. Dee Arr Dee Arr says:

    Words on Words 60 Second Spotlight Review Early on, it is noticeable that Mr Lee s comments all favor his original premise, that China will eclipse the United States as a global superpower in the realm of international commerce While I believe this is a possibility, the author s view initially appeared tainted due to his relative closeness to the subject matter viewing China as his homeland Of course, the same could be said of me living in the US , so I advise rea Words on Words 60 Second Spotlight Review Early on, it is noticeable that Mr Lee s comments all favor his original premise, that China will eclipse the United States as a global superpower in the realm of international commerce While I believe this is a possibility, the author s view initially appeared tainted due to his relative closeness to the subject matter viewing China as his homeland Of course, the same could be said of me living in the US , so I advise readers to take both our initial comments with a grain of salt.Chinese entrepreneurs have harnessed what has been known for years, that lean companies able to make quick decisions have the advantage in the marketplace The danger of decisive decisions means the quick sprint in a different direction can lead to riches or a spiral to oblivion.About halfway through the book, I began to wonder why Mr Lee chose to spend all this time and effort to tell everyone that he believes China will overtake the US in the AI field While the stories explaining the growth of Chinese companies were interesting and I can see how they are necessary to use as comparisons to US companies, I questioned the premise for the book Does he want to warn the US Brag up his home country Publish a book to hype his Sinovation company Fortunately, Mr Lee answered these questions andin the last chapter.Mr Lee then executed an about face with an intimate look at his life threatening disease and how it affected his outlook on life and relationships with others It is this epiphany that spurs the last third of the book, which moves past the dire outcomes of AI robots putting 50% of us out of work and instead offers a realistic view of using inherent human strengths to create opportunities for us to coexist with the inevitable world we face.I liked that the author did not pound one thesis at us for 300 pages Rather, he presented his views in an articulate manner, separating the discussions into coherent pieces that allow readers time to understand one concept before moving on Surprisingly based solely on the book s title , the ultimate thrust of the book did not pit the two superpowers against each other After posing the questions of how China and the United States might perform in the context of a business model, Mr Lee moved into an area currently inaccessible to AI, the ability to feel and demonstrate compassion for others As a world, we are headed toward a myriad of possibilities, and AI Superpowers doesthan simply educate It provides a potential guideline to aid us all in our travels through future uncertainties In the author s own words If we believe that life has meaning beyond this material rat race, then AI might be the tool that can help us uncover that deeper meaning Five stars.My thanks to NetGalley and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt for an advance complimentary ebook


  4. Radiantflux Radiantflux says:

    100th book for 2018.The book offers a fascinating look at the rise of the Chinese tech environment, why it s radically different from Silicon Valley, and why it may well ended up dominating the latter over the next couple of decades Lee, went from Taiwan to the US to study at 11 years old, and has worked in senior positions in both Google and Apple founding Google China before leaving in 2009 to start up his on Chinese venture capital firm, can take both an insider and outsider perspective on 100th book for 2018.The book offers a fascinating look at the rise of the Chinese tech environment, why it s radically different from Silicon Valley, and why it may well ended up dominating the latter over the next couple of decades Lee, went from Taiwan to the US to study at 11 years old, and has worked in senior positions in both Google and Apple founding Google China before leaving in 2009 to start up his on Chinese venture capital firm, can take both an insider and outsider perspective on the Chinese tech scene which is fascinating His point, that AI is both over and under hyped was particularly interesting over hyped in the sense the big breakthrough in AI was the development of the technique of deep learning some years ago and we are unlikely to see another such earth shattering development again for a while all the recent advances we are seeing in AI computer vision self driving cars, translation stock market predictions, AI beating championship players in Go etc are applications of deep learning techniques i.e., general AI and robots are not around the corner under hyped in the sense that even just deep learning is likely to cause major major disruptions to work and society, and the Chinese tech environment is well placed to take advantage of what is now becoming a mature technology I found the last couple of chapters less compelling, where he spent a entire chapter dealing his brush with death when diagnosed with cancer, and his rethinking of his life work is not everything spendtime with the family , and how that lead to his belief that the solution to the looming job crisis brought about by AI is that we should pay people do what AI can t Love other people So rather than a Universal Basic Income countries should pay people to do jobs that involve love and interaction This struck me as slightly weird and even a bit creepy, as he had made it clear in previous chapters that he didn t find it at all problematic for corporations governments to track virtually ever aspect of a person s life So it s easy to imagine his solution to unemployment being that socially good citizens deemed good by the government would be rewarded with financial support and the rest not Something given China s dictatorial government is decidedly creepy.3 stars


  5. Jean Jean says:

    This is a great book It not only provides a history of AI both in the USA and China Kai Fu Lee also provides a history of AI s both in the USA and China, and also incudes an in depth analysis between China and the US s approach to AI s He also discusses pros and cons of their abilities, engineering and politics.The author explains technical methods so that a lay person can understand it He also explains algorithms and data in an easy to understand manner The author shows how AI s effect our This is a great book It not only provides a history of AI both in the USA and China Kai Fu Lee also provides a history of AI s both in the USA and China, and also incudes an in depth analysis between China and the US s approach to AI s He also discusses pros and cons of their abilities, engineering and politics.The author explains technical methods so that a lay person can understand it He also explains algorithms and data in an easy to understand manner The author shows how AI s effect our lives today and what is going to happen in the near and far future He goes into explanations into what jobs will be lost and why as well as which job categories are safe He also explains what type of jobs will be created in the future I particularly found the information about teachers enlightening I found the section on how the superpowers will affect the world most fascinating This is definitely a must read book.I read this as an audiobook downloaded from Audible The book is nine hours twenty eight minutes Mikael Nara does an excellent job narrating the book Nara is an actor, voice actor and audiobook narrators He has won many Earphone Awards and was the 2017 Audie Award winner


  6. Laura Noggle Laura Noggle says:

    A clear eyed look at the technology s long term impact has revealed a sobering truth in the coming decades, AI s greatest potential to disrupt and destroy lies not in international military contests but in what it will do to our labor markets and social systems Appreciating the momentous social and economic turbulence that is on our horizon should humble us It should also turn our competitive instincts into a search for cooperative solutions to the common challenges that we all face as humanA clear eyed look at the technology s long term impact has revealed a sobering truth in the coming decades, AI s greatest potential to disrupt and destroy lies not in international military contests but in what it will do to our labor markets and social systems Appreciating the momentous social and economic turbulence that is on our horizon should humble us It should also turn our competitive instincts into a search for cooperative solutions to the common challenges that we all face as human beings, people whose fates are inextricably intertwined across all economic classes and national borders An excellent overview of AI where it stands, and where it s going Took one star off as the last portion of the book was a little heavy handed with the whole, diagnosed with cancer, near death experience completely changed my life views Not that there s anything wrong with that, it is an important experience and gives a little bit of heart to an otherwise straightforward review of AI but it s a little jarring after the excellent analysis of the first part and could have been saved for a personal memoir instead of a book on tech However Lee is writing from his own personal extensive experience with AI so, it gets a pass.Excellent book


  7. Huyen Chip Huyen Chip says:

    The best book I ve read on what s happening in the realm of AI.


  8. Silvana Silvana says:

    Don t you just love it when two worlds of your interests collide Having read many science fiction works and movies featuring AI, I truly enjoyed the reading experience from this book Funnily enough, he did made a reference to Hao Jingfang s story, Folding Beijing, when he talked about AGI, aka the Singularity As I said before in my placeholder review, it is highly informative I learned about deep learning and its relation with data, what it takes for successful AI algorithms to take off I Don t you just love it when two worlds of your interests collide Having read many science fiction works and movies featuring AI, I truly enjoyed the reading experience from this book Funnily enough, he did made a reference to Hao Jingfang s story, Folding Beijing, when he talked about AGI, aka the Singularity As I said before in my placeholder review, it is highly informative I learned about deep learning and its relation with data, what it takes for successful AI algorithms to take off I was given an overview on how the Chinese ICT industry likely to lead the AI revolution, also in comparison with how Silicon Valley works Each has their own uniqueness, competitive edge, that might or might not work for them in the future Lee made some predictions on AI capabilities China and the US would have by 2021 I can t wait for next year and see how it ll fare, whether his prediction comes true or not.It amused me when reading about the cutthroat competition in China and the stories of how companies like WeChat could thrive I just found that it was behind the trend in my own country, where our own locally grown apps suddenly inspiring to be super apps A friend even told me these local apps copied the UI UX of the successful apps in China in its entirety Learning from the best, I guess.The book also got me thinking about how these progresses in the AI front poses real underlying threat, namely tremendous social disorder and political collapse stemming from widespread unemployment and gaping inequality Would Universal Basic Income a solution supported by many major IT players work Which jobs would be lost when AI comes to play How do you measure the impact of AI in the work force Should countries becometechno utilitarian, i.e hurting some e.g data privacy for the greater good While the topics are fascinating, I too wish that he provided extra elaboration on the importance of localization and how it relates to the four waves of AI development Instead, the last few chapters were kind of overly sentimental Sure, it s fine to put some of the personal life experience especially if it s life altering but yet it might have taken awayneeded details on other relevant stuff readers like yours truly need, like the types of jobs that will integrate human and AI He provided a very intriguing chart that deserves two chapters at least All in all, a very good book that everyone with the slightest interest in AI and technology impact to society should read


  9. Woman Reading Woman Reading says:

    3.5 Films, especially the Terminator series, had introduced me to a limited view of artificial intelligence AIAI Superpowersby Kai Fu Lee provided me with a broader big picture introduction to AI in terms of what it is, identifying the major players, and making some predictions about the future Lee also includes many examples of companies current innovations from AI that can handily trounce world champion Go players to the ubiquitous digital wallet in China created by WeChat.My u 3.5 Films, especially the Terminator series, had introduced me to a limited view of artificial intelligence AIAI Superpowersby Kai Fu Lee provided me with a broader big picture introduction to AI in terms of what it is, identifying the major players, and making some predictions about the future Lee also includes many examples of companies current innovations from AI that can handily trounce world champion Go players to the ubiquitous digital wallet in China created by WeChat.My understanding from Lee s book is that AI is a machine duplication of the human brain s ability to think and thus make decisions Since the 1980s, AI scientists had been divided into two different camps, and it is the deep learning camp that replicates the brain s neutral networks which has prevailed This narrow AI requires algorithms to be fed massive amounts of data from a specific domain in order to recognize patterns that will lead to a desired outcome.Lee describes four waves of the AI evolution The first two waves are the internet AI ex purchase recommendations fromand business AI ex enabling faster decisions to people s credit worthiness We are currently in the third wave perception AI in which we no longer require the computer or our smartphones in order to access the internet ex smart appliances The final wave is autonomous AI when machines understand the world and directly shape the world The culmination of the AI evolution is what scientists call singularity or artificial general intelligence AGI AGI is the basis of the Terminator movies when thinking machines have the ability to perform any intellectual tasks that humans can do.Learning about AI was the most interesting part of AI Superpowers for me Of lesser appeal, but still highly relevant, was Lee s description of the AI players, on a corporate level as well as on the macro stage Given Lee s professional experience, he occupies the vantage point of a specialist His current occupation as the founder of a venture capital firm based in Beijing, however, predisposes him to cast afavorable assessment of China What Lee blithely describes as cultural differences between Silicon Valley and China obscures the vastly different playing fields as defined by governmental and judicial roles For Silicon Valley and other technology firms in Europe, intellectual property merits some legal protection Lee s military metaphors glorify China s copycat practices and their complete disregard for intellectual property It is that plus their wealth of scientists and engineers that have enabled their technology firms to progress so quickly that they are now serious competitors that should neither be dismissed nor underestimated.Finally, Lee s chapters on predictions and proposals provide serious food for thought Although the attainment of singularity may not if ever transpire until as early as 2045, the consequences of the fourth wave of the AI evolution alone are indeed earth shaking Researchers estimates vary widely but 10 to 40 percent of jobs in the USA are assessed to be replaceable by AI by 2030 The social ramifications are nowhere as apocalyptic as the Terminator franchise suggests but will nonetheless still be devastating I believe that AI Superpowerswas too general to be anything but a light reading for those from the AI field For the rest of us, and non STEM readers in particular, this is accessible information but not necessarily presented in the most concise manner The author also had a life threatening brush with cancer and this generated an epiphany that shaped his proposals So although impactful in that regard, I felt that this biographical chapter could have been shortened considerably as it altered the overall tone of AI Superpowers.


  10. Patrick Hackett Patrick Hackett says:

    I was hoping for an insightful read about the balance between the US and China and the current global state of AI, but instead the book basically evolved from cover letter to personal memoir, with a clear bias towards China throughout Maybe I would have liked thisif I was previously familiar with Kai Fu Lee, but I found AI Superpowers too heavy on the author bragging and not heavy enough on actual substance.


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10 thoughts on “AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order

  1. Mario the lone bookwolf Mario the lone bookwolf says:

    The distillation and preparation of the data for feeding the omniscient cyber oracle The culturally influenced, very different approach to research and integration of AI in society is interesting So the methods to compensate for the loss of jobs and changes in society will be different and it will be interesting to see which strategies will be successful And whether evenbeneficial mixed forms from the best Asian and Western approaches will be mixed together Politics, especially democra The distillation and preparation of the data for feeding the omniscient cyber oracle The culturally influenced, very different approach to research and integration of AI in society is interesting So the methods to compensate for the loss of jobs and changes in society will be different and it will be interesting to see which strategies will be successful And whether evenbeneficial mixed forms from the best Asian and Western approaches will be mixed together Politics, especially democracy and economic systems, will be accelerated with the help of the AI, and new, yet unimagined variants will develop The dalliances and thought experiments with ideas, especially in the economy, will become obsolete If a concept, at the moment, fails in reality again and again , one can calculate in advance for the future The best variants are chosen and respond to unexpected developments, such as those of geopolitical nature, directly and correctly Two aspects could benefit China A larger population meansdata andsmart minds And second politics, through its closer integration with the economy and state companies, enables implementation in dimensions and timeframes that would be utopian in Europe and the USA The current technology plan of China as of 2019 alone outshines all other states, in particular concerning automation, robotics and the development and expansion of the branches of science These two factors will weighheavily as soon as the technological advantage of the West has melted away The long overdue implementation of AI in school and university education in China is being driven forward with a concrete plan as well as its use in almost all public areas And not just by empty phrases like in the West, but based on an intelligent concept with goals and milestones by 2020, 2025 and 2030 In western countries, it is to be expected that, thanks to too much bureaucratization and mutual sabotage of the political parties, the legal aspects will be in just in draft form until then Not yet decided, as dealing with time pressure one may not expect from these instances, while education systems and research facilities are being cut down and privatized At this time, training and work in China will already be robustly connected with AI and create a synergy effect for man and machine The weaknesses of the Chinese education system concerning the lack of creativity and critical thinking will be eliminated by AI Individually tailored to pupils and students learning and tutor AIs will accompany them on their educational path, recognize their strengths and promote them better than human teachers 24 7 Thus will, not only many , but alsocreative university graduates emerge from the high class Chinese universities After all, generative adversarial networks GANs and deep learning together sooner or later are will steal almost all human jobs the right to exist And until then 1.4 billion motivated users generate data and improve the systems What unofficial progress there may already have been made is also an unknown factor, but just with the known technologies, one is speaking of a disruption, the dawn of the machine age It is significant that the victory of various AIs over chess grandmasters has not brought any logical consequence in the West Namely to massively invest in AI before all other research areas with full resources of the state and private sectors with public private partnerships On the other hand, the victory of AlphaGo in 2017 has shaken China up Why the same events in chess passed by Europe and the US without consequences can be discussed in many ways, but it says a lot about the mentality and prioritization of cultures Whether, as examined in the book, ultimately the US, China, Europe lol or any other state will take over the leadership, is irrelevant for the development of AI On the other hand, how the long term perspective affects global equilibrium is the big deal Humankind has never created an evenabsolute, immediate reacting and intelligent power Whoever becomes their first master, has an uncatchable advantage and whether this superintelligence can also feel emotions is only a partial aspect That means that what differentiates us, as humans, from the machine, and makes us unique, is just an unimportant and reproducible aspect out of the spectrum of the AIs abilities Because whether the control and steering are cold and logical or spiced with a pinch of empathy, does not change the concept The ability to understand human emotions, on the contrary, could be misused to manipulate the population even better That in addition to the statistical and probable calculation, both the group dynamics and the individual parameters of each are included in the calculation key AI is already superior in many areas Whether it is good to teach it feelings and however humanity can be coded, is an open question What if it reveals the cognitive dissonance and contradictions in people s beliefs, personality, self image, and the ego too obvious With rationality, the dangers of emotion are exposed What if the AI is imitating individual biochemical processes and behavioral patterns to make perfect avatars for every human being What makes the copy different from the original Could friends and family see a difference And how much does that reduce the economic value of social interaction if it can be artificially created in all its facets The implications for the individual and all social networks are far reaching Sometimes an advance is hard to catch up The requirement of collecting massive amounts of data illustrates the dilemma It took a long time for the technology, disk space, algorithms, and finally enough data to be sufficient Those who start merging Big Data and AI at this point benefit from exponential growth Their AI and algorithms learn on their own, are continually being improved by humans and are self optimizing Even if a state succeeds years later in creating the same underlying conditions, its artificial organism is not competitive As if a child would compete against an experienced and ingenious adult Nobody knows where the limits of the growth of an AI s abilities are if there even are any that distinguish them from godlike omnipotence The result is a scientific singularity that enables the economy and research to accelerate to unprecedented levels There is nothing to oppose this superior competitiveness and dominance over the world market Other states are wasting money on expensive, ineffective research for the slow production of non contemporary products They have no alternative, as their entire production chains, including engineers and basic researchers, use antiquated methods Protectionism in the form of punitive tariffs and trade embargoes are a mute cry for help Spinning the scenario further reveals that an AI superpower does not need external stimuli except commodities If you can manufacture everything yourself, it makes sense to weaken other states by not buying their products To be able to squeeze the raw materials even cheaper from the faltering countries and to buy their remaining economy and government debts to finally dominate it It opens up a variety of new geopolitical, social political and global economic scenarios that completely change the rules of the game Of course, in a very distant time, the point may come when all states have the best AI, automated manufacturing and so on But until then, superpowers will be created by the equivalent of the oil of the 21st century, the data in an all knowing entity.To end with a quote WW1 was the war of chemists WW2 was the war of physicists WW3 will be the war of mathematicians I would add trade war and software engineers computer scientists hackers.A wiki walk can be as refreshing to the mind as a walk through nature in this completely overrated real life outside books


  2. Max Max says:

    This book is an eye opener for those of us unfamiliar with the wide ranging capabilities and imminent impact of AI Lee tells us about the development, design and future of AI and associated web and mobile technology He contrasts Chinese work in AI with that in the US While Chinese AI is based on technologies developed in the US, Chinese companies are now taking their own direction Lee makes a strong case that AI will have profound consequences for society and determine the relative power of This book is an eye opener for those of us unfamiliar with the wide ranging capabilities and imminent impact of AI Lee tells us about the development, design and future of AI and associated web and mobile technology He contrasts Chinese work in AI with that in the US While Chinese AI is based on technologies developed in the US, Chinese companies are now taking their own direction Lee makes a strong case that AI will have profound consequences for society and determine the relative power of nations He means this in terms of economic power He does not discuss military applications Kai Fu Lee is CEO of a Chinese venture capital firm investing in AI A former president of Google China with a PhD from Carnegie Mellon University he has thirty years experience in AI research From just the application of recently developed technology called deep learning , Lee predicts society will be cast into worldwide upheaval For example automated factories will eliminate the need for low cost labor devastating developing countries, allowing factories to be built near consumers The economic demise of those displaced by AI in developed countries will exacerbate income inequality Successful AI entrepreneurs and their companies will gain an even larger share of national income than their internet and social media predecessors eclipsing people such as Microsoft founder Bill Gates andfounder Jeff Bezos It s a scary picture but Lee evaluates ways to address the problem and offers his own solutions.Lee believes China will lead in implementing AI with the US second China secures an advantage because it is investing increasinglyin AI than the US Chinese AI and other software startups are offered rent subsidies and tax discounts to move into designated zones to create technology incubators in the image of Silicon Valley Local governments have started guiding funds which have grown exponentially in a few years to 27 billion in 2015 for investment in venture capital firms focused on AI and supporting technologies China is also investing heavily in AI related education The Chinese government is prioritizing AI because it sees AI leadership as a way to increase its world power and spread its culture just as the West has with past technology leadership Google s Eric Schmidt in 2017 said that in five years China would equal the US in AI Americans often blame Chinese government interference for limiting their success in China however Lee notes that the domestic success of Chinese internet companies has been dueto their customization for the Chinese market than government controls Lee attributes Chinese sensitivity to its users to its flexibility Unencumbered by lofty mission statements or core values , they had no problem in following trends in user activity wherever it took their companies Lee believes a market where copying is problematic such as the US allows the originator to maintain a significant competitive advantage making them less responsive to customers.Lee describes competition between Chinese AI companies as cutthroat anything goes He describes the work ethic as maniacal , well beyond the intensity of Silicon Valley American companies eschew copying from each other Chinese companies are happy to take technology, business models, employees, whatever they can get from their domestic or international competitors making themagile In China they do not face lawsuits or antimonopoly investigations for their actions only the counterpunch of their competitors which can include smear campaigns and even charging competitors with crimes Lee sees Silicon Valley entrepreneurs as mission driven Take an original idea and achieve an idealistic goal He sees their Chinese counterparts as market driven It doesn t matter where an idea comes from, only that it makes a profit In Lee s words The core motivation for Chinese market driven entrepreneurs is not fame, glory or changing the world These things are all nice side benefits, but the grand prize is getting rich, and it doesn t matter how you got there Lee does note that if one of the big seven in AI research four US, three Chinese Google, Facebook, , Microsoft, Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent makes a game changing breakthrough, it would keep that to itself, garnering a huge competitive advantage and rendering the implementation of present AI technology short lived Among the seven, Lee gives Google the best shot at such a breakthrough It has over half of the top 100 AI researchers in the world and spends twice as much on math and computer systems research as the US government However he still considers such a breakthroughlikely to occur in academia which openly shares its results And the record of such significant breakthroughs shows they do not occur frequently.If a major proprietary breakthrough in AI technology in the near term is unlikely, ability to implement becomes the key issue rather expertise in research, favoring China The amount of data available to feed current state of the art deep learning AI systems determines how well they operate This too favors China We are not yet in the age of generalized AI systems Deep learning AI systems need large amounts of data to learn a specific task, say controlling an autonomous vehicle or facial recognition One platform, WeChat, can provide everything one needs to know about Chinese habits WeChat owned by Tencent is a mobile super app WeChat allows other developers to incorporate apps within it With WeChat users can exchange messages, connect with friends, transfer money, make investments, shop, make reservations, order meals, make a doctor s appointment, unlock a city bike, get a taxi, have groceries or prescriptions delivered, get movie tickets, pay traffic fines, and on and on Mobile payments in China were 17 trillion in 2017 They are quickly replacing credit cards and cash Some beggars hang QR codes around there neck to accept mobile payments WeChat apps collect data on what you buy, who you send money to, the food you eat, the doctor you see, the medicines you use, where you take your bike share or ride share and much, muchIn the US this data is scattered among many platforms and Americans are pushing back on the invasion of their privacy As I was writing this I read that Apple CEO Tim Cook attributed declining iPhone sales in China in part to WeChat WeChat does everything and it does it just as well on a cheap Android as it does on an iPhone.Lee sees four waves of AI development The first wave is already with us Algorithms are deciding the ads we see, the videos we are offered and the news we read The key is data Thethat an AI engine sees of your clicks, pictures and videos viewed, articles and tweets read, the better it can give you what you want leading to aaddictive experience That addictive experience is the goal sinceclicks meanprofit for the website A Chinese site, Toutiao, called ByteDance in English, is a purveyor of trending news like Buzzfeed Except rather than use reporters it uses AI to find content that you want even creating its own headlines based on your preferences The company is experimenting with the algorithm writing its own articles It can summarize a sports event and post it two seconds after the event ends These algorithms can both create and detect fake news Toutiao pits two such algorithms against each other to hone their abilities The second wave of AI development is also already with us, in the USthan China It s about business Insurance companies use it to determine risk, banks to determine credit, hedge funds to trade stocks, and pharmaceutical companies to design drugs The reason the US leads in this area is the same reason China leads in consumer applications data US companies have long used data bases to store massive amounts of information in formats readily accessible to AI engines An emerging application is disease diagnosis AI engines are thorough taking in and weighing fardetail than a human AI diagnoses can be used as guides letting the doctor make the final decision AI can help level the quality of care for underserved poor and rural areas In China AI is being tested for court systems helping judges decide guilt or innocence and an appropriate sentience This can help eliminate bias The third wave of AI development is just emerging This is perception AI, AI that can recognize objects, voices and faces Already a test KFC in China is charging customers based on facial recognition alone The sensors and algorithm first check that the subject is alive to prevent being fooled by a picture The WeChat wallet is updated immediately The customer does nothing except to place their order and take their food Perception AI requires extensive use of sensors This is already common in China allowing urban traffic flows to be controlled In the home devices likes Echo interfacing with smart devices allow people to control their environment Combining home with store AI is next For example your grocery cart could receive your home shopping list augmented by data from your refrigerator and your purchase history And of course it would ring up and pay for your order just by placing items in the cart Education is ripe for development with AI determining a student s needs, producing appropriate work assignments and grading them AI could identify students requiring tutoring or those with exceptional abilities The human teacher would still lecture and assist students.The fourth wave of AI is autonomy We are familiar with the tests of autonomous vehicles The development of autonomous cars relies mostly on collectingreal world data which Tesla and the real technology leader, Google, are actively doing Chinese companies are also developing autonomous cars but most experts are already with US companies which started working on this complicated application years ago While Chinese companies are behind US companies they face fewer restrictions and havegovernment support than US companies A California startup has devised a machine that can see and delicately pick only ripe strawberries Now it is pulled by a conventional tractor In the future it will be autonomous Drones for everything from firefighting, search and rescue, product delivery and muchare coming Ins warehouses the shelves come to warehousemen who stay in one place filling boxes for delivery The next step seems obvious As for the home environment Lee does not believe current AI is ready for useful robots The tasks just to clean a house are too diverse for today s technology.While Lee sees artificial general intelligence AGI decades away including its ominous possibilities, he does see potentially dire consequences from the full implementation of current AI technology These consequences are widespread loss of jobs, devaluation of labor, increased income inequality between nations and within nations The impact will disrupt society and the balance of power in the world Poor countries relying on cheap labor will be hit the hardest As factories automate labor costs decline allowing factories to minimize transportation costs and improve service by moving near their markets in developed countries Data driven monopolies will have significant advantages displacing smaller competitors The AI superpowers, China and the US, will forge ahead while the developing countries will fall further behind Within China and the US the divide between the rich and poor will be even greater PricewaterhouseCoopers estimates AI will increase worldwide GDP by 15.7 trillion dollars by 2030 with 70% of that going to the US and China Since AI consists of algorithms that are easily installed where needed and maintained remotely, this revolution can take place at unprecedented speed Jobs that don t require social interaction or advanced robotics are most at risk White collar as well as blue collar jobs are at risk Some examples Radiologists are at risk, Psychiatrists are not Loan underwriters are at risk, PR directors are not Dishwashers are at risk, dog trainers are not Fast food preparers are at risk, Physical therapists are not As I write this the Brookings Institute issued a report that 36 million US jobs are at high risk to be replaced by automation in possibly the next few years although it could take up to two decades Companies typically invest in labor saving technologies during downturns so a recession would speed things up Lee shares estimates of how many jobs will actually be displaced in the US where almost all studies have been conducted These vary from a low of 9% all the way up to 48% Lee believes 38% is the number of jobs at risk but this could be ameliorated by social policies cutting actual displacement in half and some new jobs will be created But the value of labor will also drop meaning lower wages for those still employed The impact on the self worth of most workers will exacerbate social and political divides Lee evaluates prescriptions for dealing with an AI world with too many people for too few traditional jobs He considers retraining, reducing work hours and guaranteed income Retraining should be done but will have limited impact Reduced hours may help some but will reach its limits as will income redistribution If people are paid for doing little or nothing their sense of self worth can be undermined creating an underclass It would lead to a divided society Are you one of those who work to provide for the world or one who we support Lee believes there needs to be a new social contract in which government and industry invest in human oriented service jobs AI will do the thinking but it has no emotion Lee wants to use the tremendous gains from AI productivity to help fund jobs such as elderly caregivers, patient facing health workers, student supporting educators jobs in which compassion and a human touch can improve people s lives It would be a remarkable shift to divert corporate profits to create this caring society In part Lee s ideas stem from his life changing experience being diagnosed with stage four lymphoma He wants AI to do the diagnoses but a human not a bot to deliver the news and explain it Lee recovered with treatment but it made him question what is really important in life The last chapters of his book reflect this seismic shift in his outlook He went from seeing his value as revolutionizing the world with game changing technology to valuing personal relationships being there for family and friends and helping people lead better lives The dichotomy is reflected in the future we face as AI intrudes into every aspect of our lives Will it be utopia, dystopia or just a muddle


  3. Dee Arr Dee Arr says:

    Words on Words 60 Second Spotlight Review Early on, it is noticeable that Mr Lee s comments all favor his original premise, that China will eclipse the United States as a global superpower in the realm of international commerce While I believe this is a possibility, the author s view initially appeared tainted due to his relative closeness to the subject matter viewing China as his homeland Of course, the same could be said of me living in the US , so I advise rea Words on Words 60 Second Spotlight Review Early on, it is noticeable that Mr Lee s comments all favor his original premise, that China will eclipse the United States as a global superpower in the realm of international commerce While I believe this is a possibility, the author s view initially appeared tainted due to his relative closeness to the subject matter viewing China as his homeland Of course, the same could be said of me living in the US , so I advise readers to take both our initial comments with a grain of salt.Chinese entrepreneurs have harnessed what has been known for years, that lean companies able to make quick decisions have the advantage in the marketplace The danger of decisive decisions means the quick sprint in a different direction can lead to riches or a spiral to oblivion.About halfway through the book, I began to wonder why Mr Lee chose to spend all this time and effort to tell everyone that he believes China will overtake the US in the AI field While the stories explaining the growth of Chinese companies were interesting and I can see how they are necessary to use as comparisons to US companies, I questioned the premise for the book Does he want to warn the US Brag up his home country Publish a book to hype his Sinovation company Fortunately, Mr Lee answered these questions andin the last chapter.Mr Lee then executed an about face with an intimate look at his life threatening disease and how it affected his outlook on life and relationships with others It is this epiphany that spurs the last third of the book, which moves past the dire outcomes of AI robots putting 50% of us out of work and instead offers a realistic view of using inherent human strengths to create opportunities for us to coexist with the inevitable world we face.I liked that the author did not pound one thesis at us for 300 pages Rather, he presented his views in an articulate manner, separating the discussions into coherent pieces that allow readers time to understand one concept before moving on Surprisingly based solely on the book s title , the ultimate thrust of the book did not pit the two superpowers against each other After posing the questions of how China and the United States might perform in the context of a business model, Mr Lee moved into an area currently inaccessible to AI, the ability to feel and demonstrate compassion for others As a world, we are headed toward a myriad of possibilities, and AI Superpowers doesthan simply educate It provides a potential guideline to aid us all in our travels through future uncertainties In the author s own words If we believe that life has meaning beyond this material rat race, then AI might be the tool that can help us uncover that deeper meaning Five stars.My thanks to NetGalley and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt for an advance complimentary ebook


  4. Radiantflux Radiantflux says:

    100th book for 2018.The book offers a fascinating look at the rise of the Chinese tech environment, why it s radically different from Silicon Valley, and why it may well ended up dominating the latter over the next couple of decades Lee, went from Taiwan to the US to study at 11 years old, and has worked in senior positions in both Google and Apple founding Google China before leaving in 2009 to start up his on Chinese venture capital firm, can take both an insider and outsider perspective on 100th book for 2018.The book offers a fascinating look at the rise of the Chinese tech environment, why it s radically different from Silicon Valley, and why it may well ended up dominating the latter over the next couple of decades Lee, went from Taiwan to the US to study at 11 years old, and has worked in senior positions in both Google and Apple founding Google China before leaving in 2009 to start up his on Chinese venture capital firm, can take both an insider and outsider perspective on the Chinese tech scene which is fascinating His point, that AI is both over and under hyped was particularly interesting over hyped in the sense the big breakthrough in AI was the development of the technique of deep learning some years ago and we are unlikely to see another such earth shattering development again for a while all the recent advances we are seeing in AI computer vision self driving cars, translation stock market predictions, AI beating championship players in Go etc are applications of deep learning techniques i.e., general AI and robots are not around the corner under hyped in the sense that even just deep learning is likely to cause major major disruptions to work and society, and the Chinese tech environment is well placed to take advantage of what is now becoming a mature technology I found the last couple of chapters less compelling, where he spent a entire chapter dealing his brush with death when diagnosed with cancer, and his rethinking of his life work is not everything spendtime with the family , and how that lead to his belief that the solution to the looming job crisis brought about by AI is that we should pay people do what AI can t Love other people So rather than a Universal Basic Income countries should pay people to do jobs that involve love and interaction This struck me as slightly weird and even a bit creepy, as he had made it clear in previous chapters that he didn t find it at all problematic for corporations governments to track virtually ever aspect of a person s life So it s easy to imagine his solution to unemployment being that socially good citizens deemed good by the government would be rewarded with financial support and the rest not Something given China s dictatorial government is decidedly creepy.3 stars


  5. Jean Jean says:

    This is a great book It not only provides a history of AI both in the USA and China Kai Fu Lee also provides a history of AI s both in the USA and China, and also incudes an in depth analysis between China and the US s approach to AI s He also discusses pros and cons of their abilities, engineering and politics.The author explains technical methods so that a lay person can understand it He also explains algorithms and data in an easy to understand manner The author shows how AI s effect our This is a great book It not only provides a history of AI both in the USA and China Kai Fu Lee also provides a history of AI s both in the USA and China, and also incudes an in depth analysis between China and the US s approach to AI s He also discusses pros and cons of their abilities, engineering and politics.The author explains technical methods so that a lay person can understand it He also explains algorithms and data in an easy to understand manner The author shows how AI s effect our lives today and what is going to happen in the near and far future He goes into explanations into what jobs will be lost and why as well as which job categories are safe He also explains what type of jobs will be created in the future I particularly found the information about teachers enlightening I found the section on how the superpowers will affect the world most fascinating This is definitely a must read book.I read this as an audiobook downloaded from Audible The book is nine hours twenty eight minutes Mikael Nara does an excellent job narrating the book Nara is an actor, voice actor and audiobook narrators He has won many Earphone Awards and was the 2017 Audie Award winner


  6. Laura Noggle Laura Noggle says:

    A clear eyed look at the technology s long term impact has revealed a sobering truth in the coming decades, AI s greatest potential to disrupt and destroy lies not in international military contests but in what it will do to our labor markets and social systems Appreciating the momentous social and economic turbulence that is on our horizon should humble us It should also turn our competitive instincts into a search for cooperative solutions to the common challenges that we all face as humanA clear eyed look at the technology s long term impact has revealed a sobering truth in the coming decades, AI s greatest potential to disrupt and destroy lies not in international military contests but in what it will do to our labor markets and social systems Appreciating the momentous social and economic turbulence that is on our horizon should humble us It should also turn our competitive instincts into a search for cooperative solutions to the common challenges that we all face as human beings, people whose fates are inextricably intertwined across all economic classes and national borders An excellent overview of AI where it stands, and where it s going Took one star off as the last portion of the book was a little heavy handed with the whole, diagnosed with cancer, near death experience completely changed my life views Not that there s anything wrong with that, it is an important experience and gives a little bit of heart to an otherwise straightforward review of AI but it s a little jarring after the excellent analysis of the first part and could have been saved for a personal memoir instead of a book on tech However Lee is writing from his own personal extensive experience with AI so, it gets a pass.Excellent book


  7. Huyen Chip Huyen Chip says:

    The best book I ve read on what s happening in the realm of AI.


  8. Silvana Silvana says:

    Don t you just love it when two worlds of your interests collide Having read many science fiction works and movies featuring AI, I truly enjoyed the reading experience from this book Funnily enough, he did made a reference to Hao Jingfang s story, Folding Beijing, when he talked about AGI, aka the Singularity As I said before in my placeholder review, it is highly informative I learned about deep learning and its relation with data, what it takes for successful AI algorithms to take off I Don t you just love it when two worlds of your interests collide Having read many science fiction works and movies featuring AI, I truly enjoyed the reading experience from this book Funnily enough, he did made a reference to Hao Jingfang s story, Folding Beijing, when he talked about AGI, aka the Singularity As I said before in my placeholder review, it is highly informative I learned about deep learning and its relation with data, what it takes for successful AI algorithms to take off I was given an overview on how the Chinese ICT industry likely to lead the AI revolution, also in comparison with how Silicon Valley works Each has their own uniqueness, competitive edge, that might or might not work for them in the future Lee made some predictions on AI capabilities China and the US would have by 2021 I can t wait for next year and see how it ll fare, whether his prediction comes true or not.It amused me when reading about the cutthroat competition in China and the stories of how companies like WeChat could thrive I just found that it was behind the trend in my own country, where our own locally grown apps suddenly inspiring to be super apps A friend even told me these local apps copied the UI UX of the successful apps in China in its entirety Learning from the best, I guess.The book also got me thinking about how these progresses in the AI front poses real underlying threat, namely tremendous social disorder and political collapse stemming from widespread unemployment and gaping inequality Would Universal Basic Income a solution supported by many major IT players work Which jobs would be lost when AI comes to play How do you measure the impact of AI in the work force Should countries becometechno utilitarian, i.e hurting some e.g data privacy for the greater good While the topics are fascinating, I too wish that he provided extra elaboration on the importance of localization and how it relates to the four waves of AI development Instead, the last few chapters were kind of overly sentimental Sure, it s fine to put some of the personal life experience especially if it s life altering but yet it might have taken awayneeded details on other relevant stuff readers like yours truly need, like the types of jobs that will integrate human and AI He provided a very intriguing chart that deserves two chapters at least All in all, a very good book that everyone with the slightest interest in AI and technology impact to society should read


  9. Woman Reading Woman Reading says:

    3.5 Films, especially the Terminator series, had introduced me to a limited view of artificial intelligence AIAI Superpowersby Kai Fu Lee provided me with a broader big picture introduction to AI in terms of what it is, identifying the major players, and making some predictions about the future Lee also includes many examples of companies current innovations from AI that can handily trounce world champion Go players to the ubiquitous digital wallet in China created by WeChat.My u 3.5 Films, especially the Terminator series, had introduced me to a limited view of artificial intelligence AIAI Superpowersby Kai Fu Lee provided me with a broader big picture introduction to AI in terms of what it is, identifying the major players, and making some predictions about the future Lee also includes many examples of companies current innovations from AI that can handily trounce world champion Go players to the ubiquitous digital wallet in China created by WeChat.My understanding from Lee s book is that AI is a machine duplication of the human brain s ability to think and thus make decisions Since the 1980s, AI scientists had been divided into two different camps, and it is the deep learning camp that replicates the brain s neutral networks which has prevailed This narrow AI requires algorithms to be fed massive amounts of data from a specific domain in order to recognize patterns that will lead to a desired outcome.Lee describes four waves of the AI evolution The first two waves are the internet AI ex purchase recommendations fromand business AI ex enabling faster decisions to people s credit worthiness We are currently in the third wave perception AI in which we no longer require the computer or our smartphones in order to access the internet ex smart appliances The final wave is autonomous AI when machines understand the world and directly shape the world The culmination of the AI evolution is what scientists call singularity or artificial general intelligence AGI AGI is the basis of the Terminator movies when thinking machines have the ability to perform any intellectual tasks that humans can do.Learning about AI was the most interesting part of AI Superpowers for me Of lesser appeal, but still highly relevant, was Lee s description of the AI players, on a corporate level as well as on the macro stage Given Lee s professional experience, he occupies the vantage point of a specialist His current occupation as the founder of a venture capital firm based in Beijing, however, predisposes him to cast afavorable assessment of China What Lee blithely describes as cultural differences between Silicon Valley and China obscures the vastly different playing fields as defined by governmental and judicial roles For Silicon Valley and other technology firms in Europe, intellectual property merits some legal protection Lee s military metaphors glorify China s copycat practices and their complete disregard for intellectual property It is that plus their wealth of scientists and engineers that have enabled their technology firms to progress so quickly that they are now serious competitors that should neither be dismissed nor underestimated.Finally, Lee s chapters on predictions and proposals provide serious food for thought Although the attainment of singularity may not if ever transpire until as early as 2045, the consequences of the fourth wave of the AI evolution alone are indeed earth shaking Researchers estimates vary widely but 10 to 40 percent of jobs in the USA are assessed to be replaceable by AI by 2030 The social ramifications are nowhere as apocalyptic as the Terminator franchise suggests but will nonetheless still be devastating I believe that AI Superpowerswas too general to be anything but a light reading for those from the AI field For the rest of us, and non STEM readers in particular, this is accessible information but not necessarily presented in the most concise manner The author also had a life threatening brush with cancer and this generated an epiphany that shaped his proposals So although impactful in that regard, I felt that this biographical chapter could have been shortened considerably as it altered the overall tone of AI Superpowers.


  10. Patrick Hackett Patrick Hackett says:

    I was hoping for an insightful read about the balance between the US and China and the current global state of AI, but instead the book basically evolved from cover letter to personal memoir, with a clear bias towards China throughout Maybe I would have liked thisif I was previously familiar with Kai Fu Lee, but I found AI Superpowers too heavy on the author bragging and not heavy enough on actual substance.


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