Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam

Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam MOBI ✓ Meccan

Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam [Reading] ➮ Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam ➶ Patricia Crone – Polishdarling.co.uk Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam is an extremely controversial but effectively argued and extensively documented work The author presents a radical challenge to a number of standard assertions about Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam is and the PDF/EPUB Â an extremely controversial but effectively argued and extensively documented work The author presents a radical challenge to a number of Meccan Trade ePUB Ù standard assertions about the socio economic milieu in which Islam arose R Stephen Humphreys, University of Wisconsin, Madison Patricia Crone reassesses one of the most widely accepted dogmas in Trade and the PDF ↠ contemporary accounts of the beginnings of Islam, the supposition that Mecca was a trading center thriving on the export of aromatic spices to the Mediterranean Pointing out that the conventional opinion is based on classical accounts of the trade between south Arabia and the Mediterranean someyears earlier than the age of Muhammad, Dr Crone argues that the land route described in these records was short lived and that the Muslim sources make no mention of such goods In addition to changing our view of the role of trade, the author reexamines the evidence for the religious status of pre Islamic Mecca and seeks to elucidate the nature of the sources on which we should reconstruct our picture of the birth of the new religion in Arabia Patricia Crone is professor of Islamic history at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Her books include Medieval Islamic Political Thought Edinburghand Pre Industrial Societies Anatomy of the Premodern World second edition, Oxford.


About the Author: Patricia Crone

Patricia Crone was Professor Emerita in the School and the PDF/EPUB Â of Historical Studies, where she served as the Andrew W Mellon Professor from until her retirement in Crone Meccan Trade ePUB Ù s insightful work, compellingly conveyed in her adventurous and unconventional style, shed important new light on the critical importance of the Near East in particular on the cultural, religious Trade and the PDF ↠ and intellectual history of Islam in historical studies Her influence is strongly felt at the Institute, where, along with Oleg Grabar , Crone helped to establish the Institute as a recognized center for the pursuit of the study of Islamic culture and historytps ias scholars patricia.



10 thoughts on “Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam

  1. Tariq Mahmood Tariq Mahmood says:

    Patricia sets the pace of the book, right from the very start with a simple logical assumption What commodities enabled the inhabitants of so unpromising a site Mecca to engage in commerce in such a large scale Bred in Muslim tradition the question was like a lightening strike for me Could the Muslim story be all an elaborate propaganda, or is it exactly as described by the mainly Muslim historians over the centuries I shall never know for sure, but this study has helped keep the logical p Patricia sets the pace of the book, right from the very start with a simple logical assumption What commodities enabled the inhabitants of so unpromising a site Mecca to engage in commerce in such a large scale Bred in Muslim tradition the question was like a lightening strike for me Could the Muslim story be all an elaborate propaganda, or is it exactly as described by the mainly Muslim historians over the centuries I shall never know for sure, but this study has helped keep the logical part of my brain buzzing with excitement, for I believe that debunking established myths is an important process in the quest for knowledge The book presents a detailed context for the ancient times, most of which was lost on me The rational made sense though and without any challenge will continue to make sense It is high time that the Islamic world start producing historians which are able to present Islamic history without any fear of prosecution


  2. B.J. Richardson B.J. Richardson says:

    From the 7th through the 9th century CE, the Arabs maintained flourishing trade centers, Mecca being the chief among them I just did a very quick google search on the rise of Islam and this is a quote from one of the first pages I viewed This is a myth It is not true and there is no factual basis or historical evidence to even remotely support this claim Unfortunately, it has been repeated often by such a wide base of historians, sociologists, and religious scholars Similar to the myth of From the 7th through the 9th century CE, the Arabs maintained flourishing trade centers, Mecca being the chief among them I just did a very quick google search on the rise of Islam and this is a quote from one of the first pages I viewed This is a myth It is not true and there is no factual basis or historical evidence to even remotely support this claim Unfortunately, it has been repeated often by such a wide base of historians, sociologists, and religious scholars Similar to the myth of the Andalusian paradise, each has assumed that somebody else has done the research Patricia Crone has done the research and Meccan Trade is the result In her first two chapters, she looks first at the known historical facts of the classical spice trade and then lays down a typical understanding of the supposed Meccan trade before and up to the time of Muhammad In the next four chapters, Crone demonstrates how the Meccans could not have possibly been involved in the trading of any spices She looks at other things they could not have traded gold, silver, gems, slaves, animals, etc , what they did actually trade furs and low quality clothes , and where they could have traded them other small insignificant nearby cities She then looks at whether or not Mecca could have been a trading center based on religious pilgrimage no Finally, Crone examines the historical reliability of the sources for early Islam they re not Then in her last chapter, she asks the obvious question, If Islam did not rise and spread because of trade, how did it Honestly, this chapter should be a book unto itself and though I understand the need for the question to at least be addressed here, I felt that it was by far her weakest chapter Where the rest of the book was well thought out and strongly based in fact, this concluding chapter wasof a speculative epilogue In all, this is not a book I would recommend to a casual reader While I think everyone who has interactions with anyone who is Muslim should be aware of the contents of this book, the reading itself would be considered by most to be incredibly dry and tedious I know Jay Smith has incorporated parts of it in his teachings on the history of Islam and would recommend you check out some of his Youtube videos instead


  3. Mel Mel says:

    Patricia Crone proves without doubt two important points Islam began in northwest Arabia, therefore not in Mecca The traditional account of trade and wealth in the Mecca of southern Arabia is false it was too expensive to transport cheap goods like leather and coarse woollen clothes 800 miles by camel to Syria, when Syrians could get cheaper, higher quality goods locally How could Mecca support 2 3000 camels without local pasture land and make a profit from trade from cheap, unspecialised go Patricia Crone proves without doubt two important points Islam began in northwest Arabia, therefore not in Mecca The traditional account of trade and wealth in the Mecca of southern Arabia is false it was too expensive to transport cheap goods like leather and coarse woollen clothes 800 miles by camel to Syria, when Syrians could get cheaper, higher quality goods locally How could Mecca support 2 3000 camels without local pasture land and make a profit from trade from cheap, unspecialised goods How could traders manage the logistics of a 2 month round journey on camels Why didn t they simply ship it up the Red Sea from Aden and bypass Mecca entirely Why would Mecca be on a trade route when it had nothing to offer passing trade She also makes a great job at examining the sources of the Islamic tradition it is clear that much of it is unhistorical and the work of storytellers The allusiveness of the Qur an seems to have led to much of the exegetical storytelling output The later findings by Dan Gibson confirms many of her conclusions I read it in just 2 days, which shows what a great read it is, at least I found it fascinating


  4. Alhanouf Al-Sunbul Alhanouf Al-Sunbul says:

    I enjoyed reading this book even though Crone adopted lots of fallacies, and she didn t give the references to back some sensitive claims if you ever noticed which made her miss the objectivity of research, I read a critical translation of her work and what I found out is that she was so subjective and turns out to make a hypothesis then consider it as a fact thereinafter, she s brilliant at making the reader confused, she is so smart


  5. David David says:

    I don t believe in any religion so I m impartial to this I read this book out of pure curiosity with no agenda and I was ready to take some of the author s arguments The author makes some very weak arguments and supports them with even weaker evidence Also, most of the text in the book is contained in footnotes rather than the body of the text, which is VERY distracting Finally, the book is EXTREMELY repetitive You can read the whole book cover to cover, or you can read the first page and t I don t believe in any religion so I m impartial to this I read this book out of pure curiosity with no agenda and I was ready to take some of the author s arguments The author makes some very weak arguments and supports them with even weaker evidence Also, most of the text in the book is contained in footnotes rather than the body of the text, which is VERY distracting Finally, the book is EXTREMELY repetitive You can read the whole book cover to cover, or you can read the first page and the last page and you ll gain the exact same amount from this book The author thinks that repeating the same argument 100 times in 100 different ways makes it a strong argument, but no, her arguments are still weak and unsupported not to mention illogical


  6. Jonathan Jonathan says:

    An eye opening account of what we do and do not know about Arabia trade and Mecca during the time of Muhammad and the centuries following him Her thesis is basically that Mecca could not have been the central trading hub as later Muslims claimed as it could not have been economically viable given how much cheaper it would be for the trading ships to sail up to the Sinai area rather than to take goods on camelback from Mecca up to the Jordan Israel area This combined with the fact that there ar An eye opening account of what we do and do not know about Arabia trade and Mecca during the time of Muhammad and the centuries following him Her thesis is basically that Mecca could not have been the central trading hub as later Muslims claimed as it could not have been economically viable given how much cheaper it would be for the trading ships to sail up to the Sinai area rather than to take goods on camelback from Mecca up to the Jordan Israel area This combined with the fact that there are no mentions of Mecca on any map until the 9th century definitely give credence to her thesis.While this book gets bashed sometimes for departing from the consensus amongst historians, but the question is not whether it departs from this consensus but whether its claims can be supported from evidence.Would highly recommend also reading R B Sergeant s response to it in an article titled Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam Misconceptions and Flawed Polemics , as well as Crone s response to Sergeant, Serjeant and Meccan Trade


  7. Edith Edith says:

    Crone s argument boils down to 1 Meccan trade was at most a local business by 600 AD, rather than supplying goods to empires Further the goods traded were probably leather and cheap items rather than light, expensive luxury items spices, incense, or perfume that would have made overland transportation worth the cost Rather, maritime trade madesense in terms of cost 2 Mecca was unlikely the site of pre Islamic pilgrimage fairs.3 In any case it s unlikely that the Quraysh would h Crone s argument boils down to 1 Meccan trade was at most a local business by 600 AD, rather than supplying goods to empires Further the goods traded were probably leather and cheap items rather than light, expensive luxury items spices, incense, or perfume that would have made overland transportation worth the cost Rather, maritime trade madesense in terms of cost 2 Mecca was unlikely the site of pre Islamic pilgrimage fairs.3 In any case it s unlikely that the Quraysh would have gotten rich off of either trade or pilgrimage.4 Meccan trade might throw light on mechanics behind the spread of Islam, but cannot explain why Islam appeared in Arabia, or why it had such a massive political effect.Thorough scholarly work, but perhaps not entirely necessary for a hobbyist to wade through the meticulous textual evidence on what items were mentioned to be transported where


  8. Zachary Zachary says:

    I know almost nothing of Muslim historiography, and in this sense the book was enlightening if overly pre occupied with random spice lists The general approach to Religious phenomena wasn t as helpful as i would have expected it seems principally an attempt to introduce the hermeneutic of suspicion and historical critical readings into the use of Muslim source material to question whether or not Mecca really occupied a central node in a vast trading empire Worth reading, but I doubt I ll re I know almost nothing of Muslim historiography, and in this sense the book was enlightening if overly pre occupied with random spice lists The general approach to Religious phenomena wasn t as helpful as i would have expected it seems principally an attempt to introduce the hermeneutic of suspicion and historical critical readings into the use of Muslim source material to question whether or not Mecca really occupied a central node in a vast trading empire Worth reading, but I doubt I ll read it again


  9. Dmcconkey Dmcconkey says:

    Excellent BookWell researched and well thought out Raises a lot of questions and pokes evenholes in traditional understandings of the beginning of Islam Only problem with the digital version is many formatting and spell problems Still an outstanding study, well worth the time spent studying.


  10. Colin Colin says:

    An excellent read that challenges the historicity of the Arab trade and also the location and importance of Mecca Certainly a book that forces the reader to look outside of the orthodox established origin narrative.


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10 thoughts on “Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam

  1. Tariq Mahmood Tariq Mahmood says:

    Patricia sets the pace of the book, right from the very start with a simple logical assumption What commodities enabled the inhabitants of so unpromising a site Mecca to engage in commerce in such a large scale Bred in Muslim tradition the question was like a lightening strike for me Could the Muslim story be all an elaborate propaganda, or is it exactly as described by the mainly Muslim historians over the centuries I shall never know for sure, but this study has helped keep the logical p Patricia sets the pace of the book, right from the very start with a simple logical assumption What commodities enabled the inhabitants of so unpromising a site Mecca to engage in commerce in such a large scale Bred in Muslim tradition the question was like a lightening strike for me Could the Muslim story be all an elaborate propaganda, or is it exactly as described by the mainly Muslim historians over the centuries I shall never know for sure, but this study has helped keep the logical part of my brain buzzing with excitement, for I believe that debunking established myths is an important process in the quest for knowledge The book presents a detailed context for the ancient times, most of which was lost on me The rational made sense though and without any challenge will continue to make sense It is high time that the Islamic world start producing historians which are able to present Islamic history without any fear of prosecution


  2. B.J. Richardson B.J. Richardson says:

    From the 7th through the 9th century CE, the Arabs maintained flourishing trade centers, Mecca being the chief among them I just did a very quick google search on the rise of Islam and this is a quote from one of the first pages I viewed This is a myth It is not true and there is no factual basis or historical evidence to even remotely support this claim Unfortunately, it has been repeated often by such a wide base of historians, sociologists, and religious scholars Similar to the myth of From the 7th through the 9th century CE, the Arabs maintained flourishing trade centers, Mecca being the chief among them I just did a very quick google search on the rise of Islam and this is a quote from one of the first pages I viewed This is a myth It is not true and there is no factual basis or historical evidence to even remotely support this claim Unfortunately, it has been repeated often by such a wide base of historians, sociologists, and religious scholars Similar to the myth of the Andalusian paradise, each has assumed that somebody else has done the research Patricia Crone has done the research and Meccan Trade is the result In her first two chapters, she looks first at the known historical facts of the classical spice trade and then lays down a typical understanding of the supposed Meccan trade before and up to the time of Muhammad In the next four chapters, Crone demonstrates how the Meccans could not have possibly been involved in the trading of any spices She looks at other things they could not have traded gold, silver, gems, slaves, animals, etc , what they did actually trade furs and low quality clothes , and where they could have traded them other small insignificant nearby cities She then looks at whether or not Mecca could have been a trading center based on religious pilgrimage no Finally, Crone examines the historical reliability of the sources for early Islam they re not Then in her last chapter, she asks the obvious question, If Islam did not rise and spread because of trade, how did it Honestly, this chapter should be a book unto itself and though I understand the need for the question to at least be addressed here, I felt that it was by far her weakest chapter Where the rest of the book was well thought out and strongly based in fact, this concluding chapter wasof a speculative epilogue In all, this is not a book I would recommend to a casual reader While I think everyone who has interactions with anyone who is Muslim should be aware of the contents of this book, the reading itself would be considered by most to be incredibly dry and tedious I know Jay Smith has incorporated parts of it in his teachings on the history of Islam and would recommend you check out some of his Youtube videos instead


  3. Mel Mel says:

    Patricia Crone proves without doubt two important points Islam began in northwest Arabia, therefore not in Mecca The traditional account of trade and wealth in the Mecca of southern Arabia is false it was too expensive to transport cheap goods like leather and coarse woollen clothes 800 miles by camel to Syria, when Syrians could get cheaper, higher quality goods locally How could Mecca support 2 3000 camels without local pasture land and make a profit from trade from cheap, unspecialised go Patricia Crone proves without doubt two important points Islam began in northwest Arabia, therefore not in Mecca The traditional account of trade and wealth in the Mecca of southern Arabia is false it was too expensive to transport cheap goods like leather and coarse woollen clothes 800 miles by camel to Syria, when Syrians could get cheaper, higher quality goods locally How could Mecca support 2 3000 camels without local pasture land and make a profit from trade from cheap, unspecialised goods How could traders manage the logistics of a 2 month round journey on camels Why didn t they simply ship it up the Red Sea from Aden and bypass Mecca entirely Why would Mecca be on a trade route when it had nothing to offer passing trade She also makes a great job at examining the sources of the Islamic tradition it is clear that much of it is unhistorical and the work of storytellers The allusiveness of the Qur an seems to have led to much of the exegetical storytelling output The later findings by Dan Gibson confirms many of her conclusions I read it in just 2 days, which shows what a great read it is, at least I found it fascinating


  4. Alhanouf Al-Sunbul Alhanouf Al-Sunbul says:

    I enjoyed reading this book even though Crone adopted lots of fallacies, and she didn t give the references to back some sensitive claims if you ever noticed which made her miss the objectivity of research, I read a critical translation of her work and what I found out is that she was so subjective and turns out to make a hypothesis then consider it as a fact thereinafter, she s brilliant at making the reader confused, she is so smart


  5. David David says:

    I don t believe in any religion so I m impartial to this I read this book out of pure curiosity with no agenda and I was ready to take some of the author s arguments The author makes some very weak arguments and supports them with even weaker evidence Also, most of the text in the book is contained in footnotes rather than the body of the text, which is VERY distracting Finally, the book is EXTREMELY repetitive You can read the whole book cover to cover, or you can read the first page and t I don t believe in any religion so I m impartial to this I read this book out of pure curiosity with no agenda and I was ready to take some of the author s arguments The author makes some very weak arguments and supports them with even weaker evidence Also, most of the text in the book is contained in footnotes rather than the body of the text, which is VERY distracting Finally, the book is EXTREMELY repetitive You can read the whole book cover to cover, or you can read the first page and the last page and you ll gain the exact same amount from this book The author thinks that repeating the same argument 100 times in 100 different ways makes it a strong argument, but no, her arguments are still weak and unsupported not to mention illogical


  6. Jonathan Jonathan says:

    An eye opening account of what we do and do not know about Arabia trade and Mecca during the time of Muhammad and the centuries following him Her thesis is basically that Mecca could not have been the central trading hub as later Muslims claimed as it could not have been economically viable given how much cheaper it would be for the trading ships to sail up to the Sinai area rather than to take goods on camelback from Mecca up to the Jordan Israel area This combined with the fact that there ar An eye opening account of what we do and do not know about Arabia trade and Mecca during the time of Muhammad and the centuries following him Her thesis is basically that Mecca could not have been the central trading hub as later Muslims claimed as it could not have been economically viable given how much cheaper it would be for the trading ships to sail up to the Sinai area rather than to take goods on camelback from Mecca up to the Jordan Israel area This combined with the fact that there are no mentions of Mecca on any map until the 9th century definitely give credence to her thesis.While this book gets bashed sometimes for departing from the consensus amongst historians, but the question is not whether it departs from this consensus but whether its claims can be supported from evidence.Would highly recommend also reading R B Sergeant s response to it in an article titled Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam Misconceptions and Flawed Polemics , as well as Crone s response to Sergeant, Serjeant and Meccan Trade


  7. Edith Edith says:

    Crone s argument boils down to 1 Meccan trade was at most a local business by 600 AD, rather than supplying goods to empires Further the goods traded were probably leather and cheap items rather than light, expensive luxury items spices, incense, or perfume that would have made overland transportation worth the cost Rather, maritime trade madesense in terms of cost 2 Mecca was unlikely the site of pre Islamic pilgrimage fairs.3 In any case it s unlikely that the Quraysh would h Crone s argument boils down to 1 Meccan trade was at most a local business by 600 AD, rather than supplying goods to empires Further the goods traded were probably leather and cheap items rather than light, expensive luxury items spices, incense, or perfume that would have made overland transportation worth the cost Rather, maritime trade madesense in terms of cost 2 Mecca was unlikely the site of pre Islamic pilgrimage fairs.3 In any case it s unlikely that the Quraysh would have gotten rich off of either trade or pilgrimage.4 Meccan trade might throw light on mechanics behind the spread of Islam, but cannot explain why Islam appeared in Arabia, or why it had such a massive political effect.Thorough scholarly work, but perhaps not entirely necessary for a hobbyist to wade through the meticulous textual evidence on what items were mentioned to be transported where


  8. Zachary Zachary says:

    I know almost nothing of Muslim historiography, and in this sense the book was enlightening if overly pre occupied with random spice lists The general approach to Religious phenomena wasn t as helpful as i would have expected it seems principally an attempt to introduce the hermeneutic of suspicion and historical critical readings into the use of Muslim source material to question whether or not Mecca really occupied a central node in a vast trading empire Worth reading, but I doubt I ll re I know almost nothing of Muslim historiography, and in this sense the book was enlightening if overly pre occupied with random spice lists The general approach to Religious phenomena wasn t as helpful as i would have expected it seems principally an attempt to introduce the hermeneutic of suspicion and historical critical readings into the use of Muslim source material to question whether or not Mecca really occupied a central node in a vast trading empire Worth reading, but I doubt I ll read it again


  9. Dmcconkey Dmcconkey says:

    Excellent BookWell researched and well thought out Raises a lot of questions and pokes evenholes in traditional understandings of the beginning of Islam Only problem with the digital version is many formatting and spell problems Still an outstanding study, well worth the time spent studying.


  10. Colin Colin says:

    An excellent read that challenges the historicity of the Arab trade and also the location and importance of Mecca Certainly a book that forces the reader to look outside of the orthodox established origin narrative.


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