IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea

IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea PDF ¶ A Smart


IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea [Epub] ❦ IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea Author Stephen Murdoch – Polishdarling.co.uk Advance praise forIQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea An up to date, reader friendly account of the continuing saga of the mismeasure of women and men Howard Gardner, author of Frames of Mind and Mult Advance praise forIQ A Smart History Smart History PDF/EPUB ½ of a Failed Idea An up to date, reader friendly account of the continuing saga of the mismeasure of women and men Howard Gardner, author of Frames of Mind and Multiple Intelligences New Horizons The good news is that you won t be tested after you ve read Stephen Murdoch s important new book The better news is that IQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea is compelling from its first pages, and by its conclusion, Murdoch has deftly demonstrated that IQ: A PDF/EPUB ² in our zeal to quantify intelligence, we have needlessly scarred if not destroyed the lives of millions of people who did not need an IQ score to prove their worth in the world IQ is first rate narrative journalism, a book that I hope leads to necessary change Russell Martin, author of Beethoven s Hair, Picasso s War, and Out of Silence With fast paced storytelling, freelance journalist Murdoch traces now ubiquitous but still controversial attempts to measure intelligence to its origins in the late nineteenth and early twentieth A Smart History eBook ☆ centuries Murdoch concludes that IQ testing provides neither a reliable nor a helpful tool in understanding people s behavior, nor can it predict their future success or failure A thoughtful overview and a welcome reminder of the dangers of relying on such standardized tests Publishers Weekly Stephen Murdoch delivers a lucid and engaging chronicle of the ubiquitous and sometimes insidious use of IQ tests This is a fresh look at a century old and still controversial idea that our human potential can be distilled down to a single test score Murdoch s compelling account demands a reexamination of our mania for mental measurement Paul A Lombardo, author of Three Generations, No Imbeciles Eugenics, the Supreme Court Buck v Bell.

    Download Book Best Sellers in PDF format chronicle of the ubiquitous and sometimes insidious use of IQ tests This is a fresh look at a century old and still controversial idea that our human potential can be distilled down to a single test score Murdoch s compelling account demands a reexamination of our mania for mental measurement Paul A Lombardo, author of Three Generations, No Imbeciles Eugenics, the Supreme Court Buck v Bell."/>
  • Hardcover
  • 288 pages
  • IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea
  • Stephen Murdoch
  • English
  • 01 May 2019
  • 0471699772

About the Author: Stephen Murdoch

Stephen Murdoch is a writer and Smart History PDF/EPUB ½ investor who lives in England with his wife and three daughters The Fire Priest is his first novel Previously, he wrote the non fiction IQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea Wiley, He has written for various publications, including Newsweek, The Washington Post, and PRI s Marketplace Murdoch is the chairman of two UK companies that provide cutting edge digital and bricks and mortar solutions to the mental health sector.



10 thoughts on “IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea

  1. Stefan Yates Stefan Yates says:

    As far as academic histories go, I would consider IQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea by Stephen Murdocch to be a fairly entertaining and engaging read The author writes in a very conversational style and in a way that kept me interested in both the information that he was presenting and also in finding out what his overall conclusions were The book is a history of the development and advancement of the idea of way to actually measure human intelligence The reader is taken on a journey throu As far as academic histories go, I would consider IQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea by Stephen Murdocch to be a fairly entertaining and engaging read The author writes in a very conversational style and in a way that kept me interested in both the information that he was presenting and also in finding out what his overall conclusions were The book is a history of the development and advancement of the idea of way to actually measure human intelligence The reader is taken on a journey through time from the days when measuring the size of a person s head was thought to be an acceptable gauge of that individual s intelligence to the modern day where we have a plethora of assessments which some, including the author, argue are just as effective as the formerThe book tells of the first intelligence tests which were set up as almost a carnival sideshow type affair, the first paper tests which were created in France and formed the basis for much of what was to come, the first IQ test developed for the US Army in World War I in an attempt to sort soldiers into the job that would best fit their mental capacities and on to the SAT, psychological assessments and other assessments that we incorporate today Murdoch presents the reader with many frightening ways that psychologists in the US and around the world have used intelligence testing to weed the mentally unfit out of society through institutionalization, forced sterilization and in some extreme cases Nazi Germany for instance as a basis for execution Murdoch s main focus is to point out that, while trying to accomplish something to benefit society psychologists have been very misguided in their attempts thus far to quantify human intelligence He illustrates exactly how the assessments developed thus far actually areof a measure of actual knowledge and to an extent some advanced reasoning skills He very effectively points out the bias towards lower class and those of minority ethnicities that are inherent in the tests and illustrates how when the playing field is even, those groups that traditionally score lower than the dominant members of society actually equal and at times exceed the scores of the dominant group My only real complaint with this study is that, at times, it feels very one sided Mr Murdoch does a very good job of presenting both sides of things, but the tone used when looking at things from the side of the proponents of the current IQ assessment system is at times mocking or condescending There is no question that he feels that many of the developments throughout the years in the field of intelligence testing are pure rubbish and he is of the opinion that the entire system should be scrapped and started anew He does make a few concessions in the afterward of the book to tone things down a bit, but for the most part, he seems to feel that these tests were created in a very unscientific and almost buffoonish manner Overall, I did feel that this was a successful book The author did a good job of making his point clear and provided many, many examples of the failures of IQ testing He illustrates that many people are capable of so muchthan their supposed IQ scores indicate and that throughout history these people have been unfairly maligned, mistreated and abused After reading the book, I do feel thatresearch needs to be done to change the current assessments that we use to gauge intelligence if we are going to continue to base so much on these scores Lives are made or broken because of how a student scores on an SAT or ACT test and we need to make sure that whatever assessment we are giving, that it accurately reflects the potential of the person who is taking it

  2. Socraticgadfly Socraticgadfly says:

    Let s open with a quote in the book from David Flynn on page 180 Psychologists should stop saying that IQ tests measure intelligence They should say that IQ tests measure abstract problem solving ability Beyond that, Stephen Murdoch shows that IQ tests can honestly be seen as measuring KQ knowledge quotient , SQ socialization quotient , and SESQ socio economic status quotient , but not intelligence quotient.First, Murdoch points out that, contra people like Arthur Jensen and Charles Murray Let s open with a quote in the book from David Flynn on page 180 Psychologists should stop saying that IQ tests measure intelligence They should say that IQ tests measure abstract problem solving ability Beyond that, Stephen Murdoch shows that IQ tests can honestly be seen as measuring KQ knowledge quotient , SQ socialization quotient , and SESQ socio economic status quotient , but not intelligence quotient.First, Murdoch points out that, contra people like Arthur Jensen and Charles Murray, there s not a lot of consensus that some abstract measure of intelligence called g exists, let alone exactly what it is, doubly let alone how to test for it Once one gets out of the field of psychology and into therigorous fields of cognitive science and neuroscience, this no g stance becomes even stronger.Beyond that, Murdoch goes back to the origins of testing for intelligence, then the history of the original Binet, the Stanford Binet, the Wechsler, and the SAT One slight quibble is that Murdoch could have done evento put this enamoration with intelligence testing of early 20th century Americans into even broader context, i.e things such as Taylorism in analyzing worker performance.As Murdoch reports, according to IQ tests, blacks today are smarter than 1930s whites We know evolution doesn t work that fast ergo, whatever IQ tests measure, it ISN T innate hereditary intelligence And, that holds true whether or not there s justification, or even strong justification, for the idea of race Murdoch also reports on how IQ tests can be, and have been, tweaked to eliminate the black white 15 point gap, or even have blacks scoring higher Again, one minor quibble Murdoch could have internationalized these findings , such as higher caste vs lower caste IQ test differences in India.Related to this test tweaking, Murdoch shows that specific skill tests havepredictive value of future life success than the SAT One other minor quibble here having taken both tests, I m disappointed that Murdoch had no discussion of the ACT test, which ISsubject specific than the SAT I have feeling that if the ACT were the standardized test, and were tweaked to address different cultural backgrounds, we d be on a lot better footing than the recently revised SAT II.Therefore, don t believe any reviewers who claim this isn t a balanced book People like Arthur Jensen and Charles Murray have opened themselves up for proper, non politically correct critique by making statements that in some cases are not scientifically verifiable and in other cases, can be and have been refuted

  3. Rebekah Rebekah says:

    This book was really informative and really disheartening As a special educator, I guess I ve taken for granted all the hype about IQ I know to take it all with a grain of salt, but I also know that for most states still, to prove a child has a learning disability there must be demonstrable proof of a discrepancy between ability as measured by IQ and achievement I never bothered to look into the history of IQ test themselves, because they ve been so entrenched in our society for so long I This book was really informative and really disheartening As a special educator, I guess I ve taken for granted all the hype about IQ I know to take it all with a grain of salt, but I also know that for most states still, to prove a child has a learning disability there must be demonstrable proof of a discrepancy between ability as measured by IQ and achievement I never bothered to look into the history of IQ test themselves, because they ve been so entrenched in our society for so long I assumed the establishment had taken care of that But no It s maddeningly frustrating to read this book and see how questions and formats we use now have been largely unchanged since they were first used in WWI to test incoming soldiers And the tests do not test ability They test knowledge I highly doubt anyone can craft a test to determine innate ability, but we all talk like there s already one out there And lives and educational paths and careers are built around this largely arbitrary number.I ve never had an IQ test myself I understand they used to be given en masse to students But that was phased out before my time Not being referred for a LD, I never had to take one So I didn t realize what they tested before As I m immersing myself in the field and preparing to administer these myself, I m really questioning what the hell I m doing

  4. Madisen Madisen says:

    Interesting history of such a simple thing Really eye opening I thought IQ test where bad enough and we don t limit people s reproductive rights any.

  5. Karyn Karyn says:

    Started out with Darwin s cousin measuring people s head sizes and having them do odd physical feats then changed to a set of questions that were answered by lengthy explanations open ended questions, like What does one do when they get a lot of money and the testers thought there was only one right answer to these Focused upon rating the feeble minded yes, the politically correct so called scientific terms were Feeble minded, moron and idiot It was a way to weed such folks out of Started out with Darwin s cousin measuring people s head sizes and having them do odd physical feats then changed to a set of questions that were answered by lengthy explanations open ended questions, like What does one do when they get a lot of money and the testers thought there was only one right answer to these Focused upon rating the feeble minded yes, the politically correct so called scientific terms were Feeble minded, moron and idiot It was a way to weed such folks out of classrooms, to justify sterilization of undesirable gene pools or denying citizenship Jeez Hitler agreed with USA s IQ eugenics studies and referred to our psychologists study results when justifying killing cognitively disabled and, better known, Jews Now called aptitude tests They help to rank and sort people for the education system and for some jobs

  6. Ann Ann says:

    I read about one third of this book The subject matter the quest for a good measurement of intelligence is fascinating but I didn t find this book thorough, accurate or comprehensive For instance, the French term for their German adversaries during the World Wars Boche was spelled as Bosch There was no explanation of what Spearman s correlation coefficient was, etc People interested in this topic would do better to read Stephen Jay Gould s The Mismeasure of Man.

  7. Sera Sera says:

    As a parent, I only think of test only in relation to my child s score The history of the IQ test is disturbing in how un scientific it s development was and how it has been used as a basis for mass killing yes, the Nazi s used it and even for sterilization within our own country The part about the SAT seems like it was tacked on as an afterthought but I enjoyed Afterword where the author bluntly stated his conclusions opinions which he eluded to throughout the text.

  8. Mooncalf Mooncalf says:

    This book actually doesn t claim that IQ is as useless of concept as some other reviewers claim That conclusion to the book isn t based on much in the book, of course, because this is a history book, not cost benefit analysis book.

  9. Yodar Yodar says:

    A thought and emotion provoking tale of the back room beginnings of the IQ test and its crooked implications in our society.

  10. Kareena Kareena says:

    There are 15 chapters in this book The only ones I didn t read were chapters 9, 10, and 15 because they weren t required.

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10 thoughts on “IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea

  1. Stefan Yates Stefan Yates says:

    As far as academic histories go, I would consider IQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea by Stephen Murdocch to be a fairly entertaining and engaging read The author writes in a very conversational style and in a way that kept me interested in both the information that he was presenting and also in finding out what his overall conclusions were The book is a history of the development and advancement of the idea of way to actually measure human intelligence The reader is taken on a journey throu As far as academic histories go, I would consider IQ A Smart History of a Failed Idea by Stephen Murdocch to be a fairly entertaining and engaging read The author writes in a very conversational style and in a way that kept me interested in both the information that he was presenting and also in finding out what his overall conclusions were The book is a history of the development and advancement of the idea of way to actually measure human intelligence The reader is taken on a journey through time from the days when measuring the size of a person s head was thought to be an acceptable gauge of that individual s intelligence to the modern day where we have a plethora of assessments which some, including the author, argue are just as effective as the formerThe book tells of the first intelligence tests which were set up as almost a carnival sideshow type affair, the first paper tests which were created in France and formed the basis for much of what was to come, the first IQ test developed for the US Army in World War I in an attempt to sort soldiers into the job that would best fit their mental capacities and on to the SAT, psychological assessments and other assessments that we incorporate today Murdoch presents the reader with many frightening ways that psychologists in the US and around the world have used intelligence testing to weed the mentally unfit out of society through institutionalization, forced sterilization and in some extreme cases Nazi Germany for instance as a basis for execution Murdoch s main focus is to point out that, while trying to accomplish something to benefit society psychologists have been very misguided in their attempts thus far to quantify human intelligence He illustrates exactly how the assessments developed thus far actually areof a measure of actual knowledge and to an extent some advanced reasoning skills He very effectively points out the bias towards lower class and those of minority ethnicities that are inherent in the tests and illustrates how when the playing field is even, those groups that traditionally score lower than the dominant members of society actually equal and at times exceed the scores of the dominant group My only real complaint with this study is that, at times, it feels very one sided Mr Murdoch does a very good job of presenting both sides of things, but the tone used when looking at things from the side of the proponents of the current IQ assessment system is at times mocking or condescending There is no question that he feels that many of the developments throughout the years in the field of intelligence testing are pure rubbish and he is of the opinion that the entire system should be scrapped and started anew He does make a few concessions in the afterward of the book to tone things down a bit, but for the most part, he seems to feel that these tests were created in a very unscientific and almost buffoonish manner Overall, I did feel that this was a successful book The author did a good job of making his point clear and provided many, many examples of the failures of IQ testing He illustrates that many people are capable of so muchthan their supposed IQ scores indicate and that throughout history these people have been unfairly maligned, mistreated and abused After reading the book, I do feel thatresearch needs to be done to change the current assessments that we use to gauge intelligence if we are going to continue to base so much on these scores Lives are made or broken because of how a student scores on an SAT or ACT test and we need to make sure that whatever assessment we are giving, that it accurately reflects the potential of the person who is taking it


  2. Socraticgadfly Socraticgadfly says:

    Let s open with a quote in the book from David Flynn on page 180 Psychologists should stop saying that IQ tests measure intelligence They should say that IQ tests measure abstract problem solving ability Beyond that, Stephen Murdoch shows that IQ tests can honestly be seen as measuring KQ knowledge quotient , SQ socialization quotient , and SESQ socio economic status quotient , but not intelligence quotient.First, Murdoch points out that, contra people like Arthur Jensen and Charles Murray Let s open with a quote in the book from David Flynn on page 180 Psychologists should stop saying that IQ tests measure intelligence They should say that IQ tests measure abstract problem solving ability Beyond that, Stephen Murdoch shows that IQ tests can honestly be seen as measuring KQ knowledge quotient , SQ socialization quotient , and SESQ socio economic status quotient , but not intelligence quotient.First, Murdoch points out that, contra people like Arthur Jensen and Charles Murray, there s not a lot of consensus that some abstract measure of intelligence called g exists, let alone exactly what it is, doubly let alone how to test for it Once one gets out of the field of psychology and into therigorous fields of cognitive science and neuroscience, this no g stance becomes even stronger.Beyond that, Murdoch goes back to the origins of testing for intelligence, then the history of the original Binet, the Stanford Binet, the Wechsler, and the SAT One slight quibble is that Murdoch could have done evento put this enamoration with intelligence testing of early 20th century Americans into even broader context, i.e things such as Taylorism in analyzing worker performance.As Murdoch reports, according to IQ tests, blacks today are smarter than 1930s whites We know evolution doesn t work that fast ergo, whatever IQ tests measure, it ISN T innate hereditary intelligence And, that holds true whether or not there s justification, or even strong justification, for the idea of race Murdoch also reports on how IQ tests can be, and have been, tweaked to eliminate the black white 15 point gap, or even have blacks scoring higher Again, one minor quibble Murdoch could have internationalized these findings , such as higher caste vs lower caste IQ test differences in India.Related to this test tweaking, Murdoch shows that specific skill tests havepredictive value of future life success than the SAT One other minor quibble here having taken both tests, I m disappointed that Murdoch had no discussion of the ACT test, which ISsubject specific than the SAT I have feeling that if the ACT were the standardized test, and were tweaked to address different cultural backgrounds, we d be on a lot better footing than the recently revised SAT II.Therefore, don t believe any reviewers who claim this isn t a balanced book People like Arthur Jensen and Charles Murray have opened themselves up for proper, non politically correct critique by making statements that in some cases are not scientifically verifiable and in other cases, can be and have been refuted


  3. Rebekah Rebekah says:

    This book was really informative and really disheartening As a special educator, I guess I ve taken for granted all the hype about IQ I know to take it all with a grain of salt, but I also know that for most states still, to prove a child has a learning disability there must be demonstrable proof of a discrepancy between ability as measured by IQ and achievement I never bothered to look into the history of IQ test themselves, because they ve been so entrenched in our society for so long I This book was really informative and really disheartening As a special educator, I guess I ve taken for granted all the hype about IQ I know to take it all with a grain of salt, but I also know that for most states still, to prove a child has a learning disability there must be demonstrable proof of a discrepancy between ability as measured by IQ and achievement I never bothered to look into the history of IQ test themselves, because they ve been so entrenched in our society for so long I assumed the establishment had taken care of that But no It s maddeningly frustrating to read this book and see how questions and formats we use now have been largely unchanged since they were first used in WWI to test incoming soldiers And the tests do not test ability They test knowledge I highly doubt anyone can craft a test to determine innate ability, but we all talk like there s already one out there And lives and educational paths and careers are built around this largely arbitrary number.I ve never had an IQ test myself I understand they used to be given en masse to students But that was phased out before my time Not being referred for a LD, I never had to take one So I didn t realize what they tested before As I m immersing myself in the field and preparing to administer these myself, I m really questioning what the hell I m doing


  4. Madisen Madisen says:

    Interesting history of such a simple thing Really eye opening I thought IQ test where bad enough and we don t limit people s reproductive rights any.


  5. Karyn Karyn says:

    Started out with Darwin s cousin measuring people s head sizes and having them do odd physical feats then changed to a set of questions that were answered by lengthy explanations open ended questions, like What does one do when they get a lot of money and the testers thought there was only one right answer to these Focused upon rating the feeble minded yes, the politically correct so called scientific terms were Feeble minded, moron and idiot It was a way to weed such folks out of Started out with Darwin s cousin measuring people s head sizes and having them do odd physical feats then changed to a set of questions that were answered by lengthy explanations open ended questions, like What does one do when they get a lot of money and the testers thought there was only one right answer to these Focused upon rating the feeble minded yes, the politically correct so called scientific terms were Feeble minded, moron and idiot It was a way to weed such folks out of classrooms, to justify sterilization of undesirable gene pools or denying citizenship Jeez Hitler agreed with USA s IQ eugenics studies and referred to our psychologists study results when justifying killing cognitively disabled and, better known, Jews Now called aptitude tests They help to rank and sort people for the education system and for some jobs


  6. Ann Ann says:

    I read about one third of this book The subject matter the quest for a good measurement of intelligence is fascinating but I didn t find this book thorough, accurate or comprehensive For instance, the French term for their German adversaries during the World Wars Boche was spelled as Bosch There was no explanation of what Spearman s correlation coefficient was, etc People interested in this topic would do better to read Stephen Jay Gould s The Mismeasure of Man.


  7. Sera Sera says:

    As a parent, I only think of test only in relation to my child s score The history of the IQ test is disturbing in how un scientific it s development was and how it has been used as a basis for mass killing yes, the Nazi s used it and even for sterilization within our own country The part about the SAT seems like it was tacked on as an afterthought but I enjoyed Afterword where the author bluntly stated his conclusions opinions which he eluded to throughout the text.


  8. Mooncalf Mooncalf says:

    This book actually doesn t claim that IQ is as useless of concept as some other reviewers claim That conclusion to the book isn t based on much in the book, of course, because this is a history book, not cost benefit analysis book.


  9. Yodar Yodar says:

    A thought and emotion provoking tale of the back room beginnings of the IQ test and its crooked implications in our society.


  10. Kareena Kareena says:

    There are 15 chapters in this book The only ones I didn t read were chapters 9, 10, and 15 because they weren t required.


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